Abstract

Strip-line pedestal antiresonant reflecting waveguides are high-confinement, silica integrated optical waveguides in which the optical modes are completely isolated from the substrate by thin high-index layers. These waveguides are particularly well suited for whispering-gallery mode excitation in high-Q microspheres. They can also be used in microphotonic circuits, such as for microring resonators. The theory and design of these structures are highlighted. Experiments that show high coupling efficiency to microspheres are also demonstrated.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  9. B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1999 (3)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, X. S. Yao, and L. Maleki, Opt. Lett. 24, 723 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J.-P. Laine, and H. A. Haus, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 704 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1986 (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Cheung, G.

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dubreuil, N.

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Foresi, J. S.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

Greene, W.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

Haus, H. A.

B. E. Little, J.-P. Laine, and H. A. Haus, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 704 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Laine, B. E. Little, and H. A. Haus, “Etched-eroded coupler for whispering-gallery-mode excitation in high-Q silica microspheres,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Ilchenko, V. S.

Ippen, E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, F.

Kaneko, T.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Koch, T. L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J.-P.

B. E. Little, J.-P. Laine, and H. A. Haus, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 704 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Laine, B. E. Little, and H. A. Haus, “Etched-eroded coupler for whispering-gallery-mode excitation in high-Q silica microspheres,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Lefevre, V.

Leventhal, D. K.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J.-P. Laine, and H. A. Haus, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 704 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Laine, B. E. Little, and H. A. Haus, “Etched-eroded coupler for whispering-gallery-mode excitation in high-Q silica microspheres,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Maleki, L.

Pan, W.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D.

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sandoghar, V.

Savchenkov, A. A.

Steinmeyer, G.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thoen, E. R.

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. E. Little, J. S. Foresi, G. Steinmeyer, E. R. Thoen, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, L. C. Kimerling, and W. Greene, IEEE J. Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 549 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, W. Pan, D. Ripin, T. Kaneko, Y. Kokubun, and E. Ippen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 215 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

J.-P. Laine, B. E. Little, and H. A. Haus, “Etched-eroded coupler for whispering-gallery-mode excitation in high-Q silica microspheres,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (to be published).

Optical Waveguide Mode Solver Suite, Apollo Photonics, Inc., Kitchener, Ont., Canada.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Methods for exciting whispering-gallery modes of high-Q microspheres.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cross-sectional geometry of a SPARROW. Hatched regions, thin high-index layers. (b) Numerically simulated fundamental mode field, showing complete isolation from the substrate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Waveguide transmission response of a microsphere coupled to a SPARROW. The center wavelength is close to 1.55 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated net loss (bending plus ARROW leakage) per round trip in a microring resonator SPARROW.

Equations (1)

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dL=14λ0NL2-Neff2,   dH=14λ0nH2-Neff2,

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