Abstract

We show by simulations that a nonlinear optical loop mirror with birefringent fiber can have intensity-dependent transmission of vector soliton pulses with a 50/50 coupler. Using this result we propose two mode-locked laser cavity designs.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 16, 539 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. L. Dennis, M. F. Arend, and I. N. Duling, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 906 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. J. Doran and D. Wood, Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. D. Moores, K. Bergman, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 594 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. L. Steele and J.-P. Hemingway, Opt. Commun. 123, 487 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. N. Duling and M. L. Dennis, Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2674 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman & Hall, London, 1997).
  14. P. Ferro, S. Trillo, and S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 19, 263 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett.47, 213 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. G. Winful, Opt. Lett. 11, 33 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

A. L. Steele and J.-P. Hemingway, Opt. Commun. 123, 487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Dennis, M. F. Arend, and I. N. Duling, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 906 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

P. Ferro, S. Trillo, and S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 19, 263 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1989 (1)

C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2674 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Doran and D. Wood, Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

Akhmediev, N. N.

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman & Hall, London, 1997).

Andrade-Lucio, J. A.

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ankiewicz, A.

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman & Hall, London, 1997).

Arend, M. F.

M. L. Dennis, M. F. Arend, and I. N. Duling, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 906 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Burdge, G. L.

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Butler, D. L.

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P. S.

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choa, F.-S.

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choat, M. W.

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

M. L. Dennis, M. F. Arend, and I. N. Duling, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 906 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling and M. L. Dennis, Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Duling, I. N.

M. L. Dennis, M. F. Arend, and I. N. Duling, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 906 (1996).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, Opt. Lett. 16, 539 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling and M. L. Dennis, Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, S. F.

S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferro, P.

Goldhar, J.

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hemingway, J.-P.

A. L. Steele and J.-P. Hemingway, Opt. Commun. 123, 487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kuzin, E. A.

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2674 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Moore, B. A.

S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moores, J. D.

Mortimore, D. B.

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rojas-Laguna, R.

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J.

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steele, A. L.

A. L. Steele and J.-P. Hemingway, Opt. Commun. 123, 487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Trillo, S.

Wabnitz, S.

Weinberger, D. A.

S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, Opt. Lett. 11, 33 (1986).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett.47, 213 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. R. Menyuk, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2674 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

D. L. Butler, P. S. Cho, M. W. Choat, J. Goldhar, F.-S. Choa, and G. L. Burdge, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 779 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Dennis, M. F. Arend, and I. N. Duling, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 906 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. B. Mortimore, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (4)

A. L. Steele and J.-P. Hemingway, Opt. Commun. 123, 487 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. F. Feldman, B. A. Moore, D. A. Weinberger, and H. G. Winful, Opt. Commun. 105, 113 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 149, 73 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Kuzin, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, R. Rojas-Laguna, and J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Opt. Commun. 144, 60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

H. G. Winful, Appl. Phys. Lett.47, 213 (1985).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman & Hall, London, 1997).

I. N. Duling and M. L. Dennis, Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the figure-eight laser cavity. The loop inside the box establishes saturable-absorber action based on polarization rotation. The portion of the laser cavity outside the box provides output coupling, polarization control, gain, and unidirectional propagation through the isolator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission characteristics of a single pass through the polarization rotation NOLM. The top graph has 2-ps pulses with 2.5-W peak power; the bottom graph has 0.5-ps pulses with 40-W peak power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transfer characteristics of the NOLM whose operation was optimized for a 0.5-ps vector soliton pulse. The solid, dashed–dotted, and dashed curves describe the transmitted, reflected, and input pulse energy, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Input pulse (dashed curve) and pulse transmission (solid curve) and reflection (dashed–dotted curve) characteristics after 25 round trips in the figure-eight cavity design. The cavity design parameters are L=2LB, G=1.21, P0=40 W, and τ=0.5 ps.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Sigma-type laser design with a NOLM section and a straight cavity amplifier and output coupling section.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Input pulse (dashed curve) and pulse transmission (dashed–dotted curve) and reflection (solid curve) characteristics after 25 round-trips in the sigma cavity design. The cavity design parameters are L=1.6LB, G=1.28, P0=40 W, and τ=0.5 ps.

Equations (3)

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u+z=iLBLD122u+t2+N2u+2+2u-2u++λ2cτu-t+iπu-,u-z=iLBLD122u-t2+N2u-2+2u+2u-+λ2cτu+t+iπu+,
u3±=αu1±+i1-αu2±,u4±=αu2±+i1-αu1±.
u4±=exp±iπ/4u4±.

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