Abstract

We predict the existence of a new pulsed-laser operation regime, when the phases and polarizations of the two coupled cold-cavity eigenstates of a monomode solid-state laser are taken into account in the derivation of the Maxwell–Bloch equations. This monomode pulsed regime is experimentally observed, without any normal mode locking or Q switching occurring inside the cavity. We obtain close agreement between experiments and theory, even in the simple case of a Nd:YAG microchip laser, for which sech<sup>2</sup> pulses at nearly megahertz repetition rates are readily observed.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).
  2. M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1974), Chap. 9.
  3. B. E. Bouma and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 134 (1996).
  4. P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).
  5. R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).
  6. D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 141, 306 (1966).
  7. P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).
  8. A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).
  9. K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).
  10. M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 117.
  11. M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).
  12. M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).
  13. H. Zeghlache and A. Boulnois, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4229 (1995).
  14. P. Mandel, C. Etrich, and K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 836 (1993).
  15. L. A. Lugiato, K. Wang, and Y. Sun, Opt. Commun. 105, 397 (1994).
  16. J. J. Zayhowski, Opt. Lett. 14, 24 (1989).

1997

A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

1996

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).

B. E. Bouma and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 134 (1996).

1995

H. Zeghlache and A. Boulnois, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4229 (1995).

1994

L. A. Lugiato, K. Wang, and Y. Sun, Opt. Commun. 105, 397 (1994).

1993

P. Mandel, C. Etrich, and K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 836 (1993).

1989

1966

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 141, 306 (1966).

Alouini, M.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Boulnois, A.

H. Zeghlache and A. Boulnois, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4229 (1995).

Bouma, B. E.

Bretenaker, F.

M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Brunel, M.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Brunnel, M.

M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).

Carr, T. W.

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

Carter, S. J.

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

Crofts, G. J.

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

Damzen, M. J.

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

Drummond, P. D.

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

Dudley, J. M.

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

Emile, O.

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Erneux, T.

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).

Etrich, C.

P. Mandel, C. Etrich, and K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 836 (1993).

Forsmann, B.

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 117.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gavrielides, A.

A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).

Green, R. P. M.

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

Harvey, J. D.

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

Hirst, D. B.

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

Hohl, A.

A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).

Kim, D. H.

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

Kovanis, V.

A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).

Lamb, Jr., W. E.

M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1974), Chap. 9.

Lange, W.

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 117.

Le Floch, A.

M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

Li, R. D.

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

Lugiato, L. A.

L. A. Lugiato, K. Wang, and Y. Sun, Opt. Commun. 105, 397 (1994).

Mandel, P.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).

P. Mandel, C. Etrich, and K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 836 (1993).

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 141, 306 (1966).

Möller, M.

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 117.

Otsuka, K.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).

P. Mandel, C. Etrich, and K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 836 (1993).

Pieroux, D.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).

Roy, R.

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

Sargent III, M.

M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1974), Chap. 9.

Scully, M. O.

M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1974), Chap. 9.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

Sun, Y.

L. A. Lugiato, K. Wang, and Y. Sun, Opt. Commun. 105, 397 (1994).

Thornburg, Jr., K. S.

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

Udaiyan, D.

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

Vallet, M.

M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).

Wang, J.-Y.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).

Wang, K.

L. A. Lugiato, K. Wang, and Y. Sun, Opt. Commun. 105, 397 (1994).

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zeghlache, H.

H. Zeghlache and A. Boulnois, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4229 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Brunnel, M. Vallet, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2070 (1997).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. Mandel, C. Etrich, and K. Otsuka, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 836 (1993).

Opt. Commun.

L. A. Lugiato, K. Wang, and Y. Sun, Opt. Commun. 105, 397 (1994).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 141, 306 (1966).

Phys. Rev. A

M. Brunel, O. Emile, M. Alouini, A. Le Floch, and F. Bretenaker, “Experimental and theoretical study of longitudinally monomode vectorial solid-state lasers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published).

H. Zeghlache and A. Boulnois, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4229 (1995).

Phys. Rev. E

K. S. Thornburg, Jr., M. Möller, R. Roy, T. W. Carr, R. D. Li, and T. Erneux, Phys. Rev. E 55, 3865 (1997).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

P. Mandel, K. Otsuka, J.-Y. Wang, and D. Pieroux, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2694 (1996).

A. Hohl, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, and V. Kovanis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4745 (1997).

P. D. Drummond, J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, D. B. Hirst, and S. J. Carter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 836 (1997).

R. P. M. Green, D. Udaiyan, G. J. Crofts, D. H. Kim, and M. J. Damzen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3533 (1996).

Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series

M. Möller, B. Forsmann, and W. Lange, in International Quantum Electronics Conference, Vol. 7 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 117.

Other

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1974), Chap. 9.

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