Abstract

Strong photosensitivity is locked in permanently after hydrogen outdiffusion of hydrogen-loaded waveguides presensitized with UV light by either pulsed 193-nm or cw 244-nm laser output.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Wavelengths:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 86–89.
  2. V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 98.
  3. P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. E. Kohnke, D. W. Nightingale, and P. G. Wigley in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD20.
  5. J. Canning, “Competitive processes defining the characteristic photosensitivity response of UV-induced index changes in optical waveguides,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids.

1994

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Byron, K. C.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

J. Canning, “Competitive processes defining the characteristic photosensitivity response of UV-induced index changes in optical waveguides,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Wavelengths:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 86–89.

Dyer, P. E.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Farley, R. J.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 98.

Giedl, R.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 98.

Kohnke, G. E.

G. E. Kohnke, D. W. Nightingale, and P. G. Wigley in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD20.

Krug, P. A.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Wavelengths:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 86–89.

Nightingale, D. W.

G. E. Kohnke, D. W. Nightingale, and P. G. Wigley in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD20.

Pasman, R.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Wavelengths:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 86–89.

Sceats, M. G.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Wavelengths:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 86–89.

Starodubov, D. S.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 98.

Wigley, P. G.

G. E. Kohnke, D. W. Nightingale, and P. G. Wigley in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD20.

Electron. Lett.

P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, R. Giedl, and K. C. Byron, Electron. Lett. 30, 1133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. E. Kohnke, D. W. Nightingale, and P. G. Wigley in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD20.

J. Canning, “Competitive processes defining the characteristic photosensitivity response of UV-induced index changes in optical waveguides,” submitted to J. Non-Cryst. Solids.

J. Canning, R. Pasman, M. G. Sceats, and P. A. Krug, in Photosensitivity and Quadratic Nonlinearity in Glass Wavelengths:?Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 22 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 86–89.

V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Fibers:?Applications and Fundamentals, Vol. 17 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 98.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the rib guides etched into germanosilicate thin film on silica deposited by flame hydrolysis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gratings written (a) in an unexposed region after outdiffusion of hydrogen and (b) in a preexposed region after outdiffusion of hydrogen. Dashed curves, TE; solid curves, TM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Grating rejection written in fiber after hydrogen outdiffusion with a 244-nm laser with 244-nm sensitization (solid curve), with 193-nm sensitization of equal fluence (dotted curve), and without UV preexposure (dashed curve).

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