Abstract

The fluorescent characteristics of Troger’s base have been investigated experimentally. A one-photon-induced fluorescent spectrum was observed, and the peak wavelength was at 337 nm with a full width at half-maximum of 85 nm. The violet radiation of the Troger’s base crystal could result from the π*π transition of the benzenoid π bond. Two-photon-pumped frequency-upconverted fluorescence was obtained, which is a wideband emission with the main peak wavelength at 337 nm and a subordinate peak. Donor groups and acceptor groups of electrons in the aromatic rings strengthen the two-photon-pumped frequency-upconverted fluorescence.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).
  3. S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kato and M. Kiguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 550 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Rapp and B. Gronau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 529 (1971).
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    [CrossRef]
  7. G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).
  8. J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Kato and M. Kiguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

1993 (2)

A. Mukherjee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3423 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

1971 (1)

W. Rapp and B. Gronau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 529 (1971).

Bennett, K. W.

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

Bhawalkar, D.

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

Bhawalkar, J. D.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Crawford, G. P.

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elyamani, A.

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

Geer, R. E.

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gronau, B.

W. Rapp and B. Gronau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 529 (1971).

He, G. S.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

Kato, M.

M. Kato and M. Kiguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kiguchi, M.

M. Kato and M. Kiguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mita, Y.

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, A.

A. Mukherjee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3423 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Naciri, J.

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pafchek, R.

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

Park, C.-K.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

Prasad, P. N.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

Rapp, W.

W. Rapp and B. Gronau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 529 (1971).

Ratna, B. R.

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ruland, G.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shashidhar, R.

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shionoya, S.

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

Snitzer, E.

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

Sprunt, S.

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. F.

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Mukherjee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3423 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Trans. (1)

K. W. Bennett, R. Pafchek, A. Elyamani, G. H. Sigel, and E. Snitzer, Ceram. Trans. 28, 321 (1992).

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Rapp and B. Gronau, Chem. Phys. Lett. 8, 529 (1971).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Sprunt, R. E. Geer, G. P. Crawford, J. Naciri, B. R. Ratna, and R. Shashidhar, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 2393 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Kato and M. Kiguchi, J. Appl. Phys. 81, 550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. S. He, D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C.-K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 20, 2393 (1995).

J. D. Bhawalkar, G. S. He, C.-K. Park, C. F. Zhao, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, Opt. Commun. 124, 33 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Molecular structure diagram of Troger’s base crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmittance spectrum of Troger’s base crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

One-photon-induced fluorescent spectrum of Troger’s base crystal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Excitation spectrum of Troger’s base crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Two-photon-pumped frequency-upconverted spectra of Troger’s base crystal.

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