Abstract

We show that strong overlap of adjacent pulses in dispersion-managed return-to-zero transmission reduces pulse-to-pulse interaction and timing jitter. The limiting factors for this pulse-overlapped transmission are the amplitude fluctuations and the ghost pulse generation induced by four-wave mixing between spectral components within a single channel.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 8, 596 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Yu, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, and C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 22, 793 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.
  5. S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.
  6. G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

1997 (2)

1983 (1)

Alleston, S. B.

S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.

Bennion, I.

S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.

Del Burgo, S.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Doran, N. J.

S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.

Dreyer, K.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

Essiambre, R.-J.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

Favre, F.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Georges, T.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Gordon, J. P.

Grot, D.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Harper, P.

S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.

Haus, H. A.

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Henry, M.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Johnson, J. E.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

Le Guen, D.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Matsumoto, M.

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mikkelsen, B.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

Moulinard, M. L.

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

Nelson, L.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

Penketh, I. S.

S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Raybon, G.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

Yu, T.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Matsumoto and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 785 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

D. Le Guen, S. Del Burgo, M. L. Moulinard, D. Grot, M. Henry, F. Favre, and T. Georges, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-4.

S. B. Alleston, P. Harper, I. S. Penketh, I. Bennion, and N. J. Doran, in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1999), postdeadline paper PD-3.

G. Raybon, B. Mikkelsen, R.-J. Essiambre, J. E. Johnson, K. Dreyer, and L. Nelson, “100 Gbit/s single-channel transmission over 200 km true wave fiber and 160 km of conventional fiber using semiconductor pulse source and demultiplexer,” submitted to European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC99).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dimensionless function Fτ/T describing the XPM-induced frequency shift of two interacting Gaussian pulses as a function of the pulse width normalized to the pulse separation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input and output (1200-km) signals of pulse-overlapped DM transmission shown on a logarithmic scale. The average signal power is 6 dBm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectrum of the data shown in Fig. 2. Note that optical spectrum of the return-to-zero data contains strong spectral components separated by the bit-rate frequency 1/T.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Qualitative description of the ghost pulse generation in 0’s and the amplitude jitter in 1’s.

Equations (2)

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df1,2t/dz=-2n2/λdE2,1t2/dt,
dΔfXPMdz±0.152πn2λT2AFτ/T.

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