Abstract

The properties of one-dimensional quadratic walking solitons were investigated in planar lithium niobate waveguides near the type I phase-matching condition for second-harmonic generation. Wave propagation was studied under different conditions of phase matching, walk-off angle, and incident fundamental power.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Schiek, Y. Baek, G. I. Stegeman, and W. Sohler, Opt. Quantum Electron. ( to be published).
  7. L. Torner, C. B. Clausen, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 903 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assanto, G.

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baek, Y.

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, G. I. Stegeman, and W. Sohler, Opt. Quantum Electron. ( to be published).

Clausen, C. B.

Etrich, C.

C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Fuerst, R. A.

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lawrence, B. L.

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Malomed, B.

C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, D.

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menyuk, C. R.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mihalache, D.

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peschel, U.

C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schiek, R.

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, G. I. Stegeman, and W. Sohler, Opt. Quantum Electron. ( to be published).

Sohler, W.

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, G. I. Stegeman, and W. Sohler, Opt. Quantum Electron. ( to be published).

Stegeman, G. I.

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, G. I. Stegeman, and W. Sohler, Opt. Quantum Electron. ( to be published).

Torner, L.

L. Torner, C. B. Clausen, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 23, 903 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torruellas, W. E.

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. E. Torruellas, G. Assanto, B. L. Lawrence, R. A. Fuerst, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1449 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (2)

C. Etrich, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. E 55, 6155 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, and G. I. Stegeman, Phys. Rev. E 53, 1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

W. E. Torruellas, Z. Wang, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, L. Torner, and C. R. Menyuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 5036 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Torner, D. Mazilu, and D. Mihalache, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2455 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. Schiek, Y. Baek, G. I. Stegeman, and W. Sohler, Opt. Quantum Electron. ( to be published).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

FUND and SH components of a walking soliton in type I SHG in a uniform lossless LiNbO3 film waveguide on a y-cut crystal propagating at an angle of α=-3.25° from the crystal x axis. The phase variation across the FUND beam profile is a key characteristic of the walking-soliton temperature, ϑ=333.1°C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Formation of a walking soliton in a uniform lossless LiNbO3 film waveguide: (a) FUND beam, (b) SH beam. Only the FUND beam with a power of 900  W was launched in a direction tilted α=-3.25° from the x crystal axis. At low power the FUND beam diffracts to a width of 400 μm at z=110 mm with its center staying at y=0, ϑ=333.1°C.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature-tuned FUND depletion curves for three off-axis launching angles. The FUND input peak power of PF=375 W is below the power for soliton generation in the low-depletion regime.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power dependence of the soliton beam’s location at the outcoupling surface of the waveguide for an off-axis angle of α=-3.25° at a temperature of ϑ=332.8°C: (a) FUND beam, theory, (b) FUND beam, experiment, (c) FUND and SH. The 0 position corresponds to the output position of the low-power diffracted FUND beam. The intensities are normalized to the maximum FUND intensity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temperature dependence of the soliton beam’s location at the outcoupling surface of the waveguide; α=-3.25°, PF4500 W.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power dependence of the shifted beam’s location for five temperatures, i.e., different strong cascaded non-linearities. Solid curves, simulation; symbols, experiment.

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