Abstract

Bragg gratings have been written in germanium-doped optical fibers that have been treated to remove the UV absorption bands associated with oxygen-deficient defects. When one is using high-intensity 193-nm light from an ArF excimer laser to fabricate the gratings, the refractive index increases and the grating transmission spectra are similar to those obtained in standard (untreated) fiber.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1998

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

1982

1978

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D. C.

N. F. Borrelli, C. Smith, D. C. Allan, and T. P. Seward, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and R. A. Modavis, “Direct measurement of 248- and 193-nm excimer-induced densification in silica-germania waveguide blanks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Atkins, G. R.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Berendt, M. O.

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bernage, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

N. F. Borrelli, C. Smith, D. C. Allan, and T. P. Seward, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1606 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and R. A. Modavis, “Direct measurement of 248- and 193-nm excimer-induced densification in silica-germania waveguide blanks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Glenn, W. H.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guenot, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Meltz, G.

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Modavis, R. A.

N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and R. A. Modavis, “Direct measurement of 248- and 193-nm excimer-induced densification in silica-germania waveguide blanks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

Morey, W. W.

Niay, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, T.

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Poumellec, B.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Riant, I.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sansonetti, P.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seward, T. P.

Sipe, J. E.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

Soccolich, C. E.

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thériault, S.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, M. J.

Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci.

M. G. Sceats, G. R. Atkins, and S. B. Poole, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 23, 381 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Albert, B. Malo, K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and S. Thériault, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3529 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, and J. Albert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Poulsen, M. O. Berendt, A. Bjarklev, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and C. E. Soccolich, Electron. Lett. 34, 1007 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

V. Mizrahi and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1513 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

B. Poumellec, P. Guenot, I. Riant, P. Sansonetti, P. Niay, P. Bernage, and J. F. Bayon, Opt. Mater. 4, 441 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and R. A. Modavis, “Direct measurement of 248- and 193-nm excimer-induced densification in silica-germania waveguide blanks,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (to be published).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UV-absorption spectra of the preforms used to fabricate the fibers. The small feature near 270 nm is an instrument artifact. Absorbance is defined as optical density per centimeter. Solid curve, standard consolidation with 1-part-in-106 oxygen; dashed curve, preform consolidated in 50% oxygen ambient.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

UV-induced refractive-index changes obtained in fibers irradiated with ArF-laser light. Each curve corresponds to a separate experiment: (a) 200mJ/cm2/pulse, (b) 350mJ/cm2/pulse. The dotted–dashed curves represent the contribution of laser-induced densification to the index increase according to the model presented in Ref. 9.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of Bragg gratings written in (a) standard and (b) defect-free fibers.

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