Abstract

An intracavity frequency-doubling scheme was merged with an actively mode-locked AlGaInP laser diode with an external cavity to provide efficient generation of 335-nm ultraviolet light. Intense pulses of <16 ps were successfully generated inside the cavity at subgigahertz repetition frequencies. We applied those pulses to intracavity second-harmonic generation from a 5-mm-long LiIO3 crystal, which resulted in average ultraviolet power of 70 µW for an average fundamental power of 73 mW.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Goldberg and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 20, 1640 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Knappe, C. K. Laue, and R. Wallenstein, Electron. Lett. 34, 1233 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Yamamoto and K. Mizuuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 435 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Oka and S. Kubota, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 513 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. Knappe, C. K. Laue, and R. Wallenstein, Electron. Lett. 34, 1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1996 (4)

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 107 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 32, 2237 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (4)

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 20, 1145 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Goldberg and D. A. V. Kliner, Opt. Lett. 20, 1640 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

M. Oka and S. Kubota, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 513 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamamoto and K. Mizuuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 435 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, C. H.

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Beasley, M. R.

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bortz, M. L.

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Craig, B.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Day, T.

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, M.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

De Natale, P.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

J.-P. Meyn and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fort, C.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, M.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 32, 2237 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

Hammond, R. H.

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, T.

Kato, M.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kintaka, K.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 32, 2237 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

Knappe, R.

R. Knappe, C. K. Laue, and R. Wallenstein, Electron. Lett. 34, 1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, S.

M. Oka and S. Kubota, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 513 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Laue, C. K.

R. Knappe, C. K. Laue, and R. Wallenstein, Electron. Lett. 34, 1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-F.

Meyn, J.-P.

Mizuuchi, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 107 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto and K. Mizuuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 435 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Modugno, G.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mori, Y.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, S.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, K.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Niikura, S.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 32, 2237 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oka, M.

M. Oka and S. Kubota, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 513 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Prevedelli, M.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 32, 2237 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tino, G. M.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, M.

Y. Uchiyama, M. Tsuchiya, H.-F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Opt. Lett. 22, 78 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Uchiyama, T. Yamaguchi, and M. Tsuchiya, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 141, paper CTuM17.

Uchiyama, Y.

Y. Uchiyama, M. Tsuchiya, H.-F. Liu, and T. Kamiya, Opt. Lett. 22, 78 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Uchiyama, T. Yamaguchi, and M. Tsuchiya, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 141, paper CTuM17.

Vuletic, V.

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

R. Knappe, C. K. Laue, and R. Wallenstein, Electron. Lett. 34, 1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, T.

Y. Uchiyama, T. Yamaguchi, and M. Tsuchiya, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 141, paper CTuM17.

Yamamoto, K.

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Mizuuchi and K. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 21, 107 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamamoto and K. Mizuuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 435 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.-L.

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, C.

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. De Angelis, G. M. Tino, P. De Natale, C. Fort, G. Modugno, M. Prevedelli, and C. Zimmermann, Appl. Phys. B 62, 333 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

K. Mizuuchi, K. Yamamoto, and M. Kato, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1201 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, M. M. Fejer, R. H. Hammond, M. R. Beasley, C. H. Ahn, M. L. Bortz, and T. Day, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 729 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W.-L. Zhou, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, K. Nakano, S. Niikura, and B. Craig, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2463 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Kintaka, M. Fujimura, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, Electron. Lett. 32, 2237 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. Knappe, C. K. Laue, and R. Wallenstein, Electron. Lett. 34, 1233 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Yamamoto and K. Mizuuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 435 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Oka and S. Kubota, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, 513 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

Y. Uchiyama, T. Yamaguchi, and M. Tsuchiya, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 141, paper CTuM17.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the external-cavity actively mode-locked AlGaInP LD with intracavity SHG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Characteristics of cw light output power versus dc injection current under various cavity conditions: (a) with no external cavity, (b) with a 97% reflectivity end mirror added to (a), (c) with SHG apparatus added to (b), and (d) with a DM inserted for (c). Second-harmonic power included in the output power is negligible because the measurement was done under cw operating conditions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse widths plotted as functions of Pavω. (b) Dependence of peak power on Pavω. (c), (e) Temporal pulse shapes. The dotted lines indicate the zero level. The pulse widths are deconvoluted with the temporal resolution of the experiments 12 ps taken into account. (d), (f) Spectral shapes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Second-harmonic power Pav2ω relative to average fundamental power Pavω. Dotted line, square dependence of Pav2ω on Pavω for fr=434 MHz.

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