Abstract

The quantum-noise properties of single-pass second-harmonic blue-light generation with femtosecond pulses have been measured. A conversion efficiency of as much as 63.5% of second-harmonic generation at 428.8 nm was observed in a KNbO<sub>3</sub> crystal with femtosecond (130-fs) pulses with wavelengths centered at 857.6 nm. The quantum noise on the generated blue light was measured to be 1.0 dB (1.4 dB of squeezing inferred) below the shot-noise limit. The noise reduction was found to be sensitive to the average power and the center wavelength of the input fundamental pulses under the condition of strong pump depletion.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Kumar, ed., Focus issue on experiments on generation and application of novel quantum light states, Opt. Express 2(3) (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.
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  3. S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
  4. R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
  5. H. Tsuchida, Opt. Lett. 20, 2240 (1995).
  6. Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.
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  8. R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).
  9. S. Youn, S.-K. Choi, P. Kumar, and R.-D. Li, Opt. Lett. 21, 1597 (1996).
  10. D. K. Serkland, P. Kumar, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1497 (1997).
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1998

P. Kumar, ed., Focus issue on experiments on generation and application of novel quantum light states, Opt. Express 2(3) (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

A. M. Kan'an and A. M. Weiner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1242 (1998).

A. M. Weiner, A. M. Kan'an, and D. E. Leaird, Opt. Lett. 23, 1441 (1998); D. Fluck and P. Gunter, Opt. Commun. 136, 257 (1997).

1997

D. K. Serkland, P. Kumar, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1497 (1997).

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

1996

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

S. Youn, S.-K. Choi, P. Kumar, and R.-D. Li, Opt. Lett. 21, 1597 (1996).

1995

1994

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

1992

E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., feature on quantum noise reduction in optical systems experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 190–303 (1992).

1988

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).

Arbore, M. A.

Bachor, H. A.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Bramat, A.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Choi, S.-K.

Collect, M.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Edwards, P. J.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

Erland, J.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Fejer, M. M.

Fiedler, K.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Fluck, D.

Giacobino, E.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Gunter, P.

Hall, J. H.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).

Jost, V.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Kan'an, A. M.

Kan'an, A. M.

Kasapi, S.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Kimble, H. J.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).

Kumar, P.

Kurz, P.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Lathi, S.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Leaird, D. E.

Li, R.-D.

S. Youn, S.-K. Choi, P. Kumar, and R.-D. Li, Opt. Lett. 21, 1597 (1996).

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).

Li, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).

Lynam, P.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

Marin, F.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

McClelland, D. E.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Mlynek, J.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Ou, Z. Y.

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Pereira, S. F.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).

Polzik, E. S.

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).

Ralph, T. C.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Schaefer, A. C.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Serkland, D. K.

Sorensen, J. L.

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).

Steel, D. G.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Taubman, M. S.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Tsuchida, H.

Weiner, A. M.

White, A. G.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Xiao, M.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).

Yamamoto, Y.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

Youn, S.

Appl. Phys. B

E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., feature on quantum noise reduction in optical systems experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 190–303 (1992).

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

P. Kumar, ed., Focus issue on experiments on generation and application of novel quantum light states, Opt. Express 2(3) (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997) ; Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress.

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