Abstract

The quantum-noise properties of single-pass second-harmonic blue-light generation with femtosecond pulses have been measured. A conversion efficiency of as much as 63.5% of second-harmonic generation at 428.8 nm was observed in a KNbO3 crystal with femtosecond (130-fs) pulses with wavelengths centered at 857.6 nm. The quantum noise on the generated blue light was measured to be 1.0 dB (1.4 dB of squeezing inferred) below the shot-noise limit. The noise reduction was found to be sensitive to the average power and the center wavelength of the input fundamental pulses under the condition of strong pump depletion.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Kumar, ed., Focus issue on experiments on generation and application of novel quantum light states, Opt. Express 2(3) (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1998 (3)

P. Kumar, ed., Focus issue on experiments on generation and application of novel quantum light states, Opt. Express 2(3) (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .

A. M. Kan’an and A. M. Weiner, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, A. M. Kan’an, and D. E. Leaird, Opt. Lett. 23, 1441 (1998); D. Fluck and P. Gunter, Opt. Commun. 136, 257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

D. K. Serkland, P. Kumar, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997); Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Youn, S.-K. Choi, P. Kumar, and R.-D. Li, Opt. Lett. 21, 1597 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., feature on quantum noise reduction in optical systems experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 190–303 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arbore, M. A.

Bachor, H. A.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, S.-K.

Collect, M.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edwards, P. J.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997); Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erland, J.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Fiedler, K.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. H.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kan’an, A. M.

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kurz, P.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leaird, D. E.

Li, R.-D.

S. Youn, S.-K. Choi, P. Kumar, and R.-D. Li, Opt. Lett. 21, 1597 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997); Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lynam, P.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997); Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mlynek, J.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pereira, S. F.

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polzik, E. S.

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schaefer, A. C.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serkland, D. K.

Sorensen, J. L.

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Steel, D. G.

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsuchida, H.

Weiner, A. M.

Xiao, M.

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997); Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Youn, S.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

E. Giacobino and C. Fabre, eds., feature on quantum noise reduction in optical systems experiments, Appl. Phys. B 55, 190–303 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Lodahl, J. L. Sorensen, and E. S. Polzik, Appl. Phys. B 64, 383 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

P. Kumar, ed., Focus issue on experiments on generation and application of novel quantum light states, Opt. Express 2(3) (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

D. C. Kilper, A. C. Schaefer, J. Erland, and D. G. Steel, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1785 (1996); S. Kasapi, S. Lathi, and Y. Yamamoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 478 (1997); F. Marin, A. Bramat, V. Jost, and E. Giacobino, Opt. Commun. 140, 146 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.-D. Li and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2157 (1994); Z. Y. Ou, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2106 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Pereira, M. Xiao, H. J. Kimble, and J. H. Hall, Phys. Rev. A 38, 4931 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. Paschotta, M. Collect, P. Kurz, K. Fiedler, H. A. Bachor, and J. Mlynek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 3807 (1994); T. C. Ralph, M. S. Taubman, A. G. White, D. E. McClelland, and H. A. Bachor, Opt. Lett. 20, 1316 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Q. Li, P. Lynam, M. Xiao, and P. J. Edwards, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3105 (1997); Y. Q. Li and M. Xiao, Opt. Express 2, 110 (1998), http://epubs.osa.org/opticsexpress .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement: BS, beam splitter; PD1, PD2, photodiodes; LPF’s, low-pass filters; AMP’s, amplifiers; SW, switch; SA, spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Dependence of the output power of blue light on the average input pump power, (b) dependence of conversion efficiency on the average input pump power, (c) spectrum of the input femtosecond pulses, (d) spectrum of the output blue-light pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Noise power spectral density of the generated blue-light pulses measured by the balanced homodyne detectors. (b) Amplitude noise of the generated blue-light pulses. The amplifier noise in curve (c) has been subtracted from curves (a) and (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the measured Fano factor on (a) the input power of the fundamental field and (b) the center wavelength of the input femtosecond pulses.

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