Abstract

We frequency doubled the single-frequency beam from an external-cavity tapered laser diode operating at 780  nm in a resonant cavity containing a β-barium borate crystal to generate an output at 390  nm with high efficiency. Output powers as great as 233  mW were obtained, corresponding to an efficiency of 65%/W. The resonant-cavity design was a low-loss three-mirror configuration that provided compensation for astigmatism and coma. The laser diode frequency was locked to the doubling-cavity resonance by use of the Hänsch–Couillaud discrimination technique.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Dixon, C. E. Tanner, and C. E. Weiman, Opt. Lett. 14, 731 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 380.
  7. K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.
  9. A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1296 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. S. Nielson, Opt. Lett. 20, 840 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 731, 575 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 731, 575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Nielson, Opt. Lett. 20, 840 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1980 (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Beier, B.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 380.

Bergquist, J. C.

A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bhawalkar, J.

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Boller, K.-J.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 380.

Bona, G. L.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Busse, L. E.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Conturie, Y.

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, F. C.

A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, G. J.

Gavrilovic, P.

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 731, 575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Goldberg, L.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goyal, A.

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Goyal, A. K.

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 731, 575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaka, K.

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Imajo, H.

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kleinman, D. A.

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kozlovsky, W. J.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Latta, E. E.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Y.

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Mehuys, D.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mizell, G.

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moser, A.

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nielson, J. S.

Ohmukai, R.

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Po, H.

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 731, 575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Rauner, M.

A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scheidt, M.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

Steinbach, A.

A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, C. E.

Urabe, S.

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 380.

Watanabe, M.

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weiman, C. E.

Woll, D.

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 380.

Zimmerman, C.

C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

B. Beier, D. Woll, M. Scheidt, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1296 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Goyal, P. Gavrilovic, and H. Po, Appl. Phys. Lett. 731, 575 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Kozlovsky, W. Lenth, E. E. Latta, A. Moser, and G. L. Bona, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 2291 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. Zimmerman, V. Vuletic, A. Hemmerich, and T. W. Hänsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2318 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. E. Busse, L. Goldberg, D. Mehuys, and G. Mizell, Electron. Lett. 29, 77 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. D. Boyd and D. A. Kleinman, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Hayasaka, M. Watanabe, H. Imajo, R. Ohmukai, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 1595 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, Opt. Commun. 35, 441 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. Steinbach, M. Rauner, F. C. Cruz, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Commun. 123, 207 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

Y. Mao, H. Po, J. Bhawalkar, A. Goyal, Y. Conturie, P. Gavrilovic, and S. Singh, presented at the OSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, Md., October 4–9, 1998.

D. Woll, B. Beier, K.-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 6 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 380.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the diode laser and the doubling cavity: cyl., cylindrical; sph., spherical.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Collected UV power, PUV,coll, as a function of the square of the intracavity circulating power Pc. (b) Total cavity loss δc versus PUV,coll0.5.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

UV power, PUV,gen, generated in the resonant cavity as a function of the IR power Pi coupled into the cavity. The highest power that was achieved was 233  mW at a coupled IR power of 600  mW.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γSHG=P2ωPω2=16π2deff2Lϵ0cn2λω3hB,ξx,ξy,
PUV,collPc2=Tγ.
δc=δx+δ1+γTPUV,coll,
ηc=1-PonPtot1-δc-2δ1δc2.

Metrics