Abstract

Frequency-upconversion detection of an infrared degenerate four-wave-mixing image was proposed for infrared laser spectroscopic imaging of species in the gas phase. The operation of the imaging system has been demonstrated by observation of an expanding Cs plume generated by laser ablation.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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1998 (1)

K. Morishita, Y. Higuchi, and T. Okada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Y. Tang and S. A. Reid, Chem. Phys. Lett. 248, 476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1992 (1)

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1971 (1)

J. Warner, J. Optoelectron. 3, 37 (1971).

1970 (1)

R. A. Andrews, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 68 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, R. A.

R. A. Andrews, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 68 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 334.

Danehy, P. M.

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ewart, P.

Farrow, R. L.

G. J. Germann, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 25 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Germann, G. J.

Higuchi, Y.

K. Morishita, Y. Higuchi, and T. Okada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holmes, B. E.

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jeffries, J. B.

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, I.

Morishita, K.

K. Morishita, Y. Higuchi, and T. Okada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okada, T.

K. Morishita, Y. Higuchi, and T. Okada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rakestraw, D. J.

G. J. Germann, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 25 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Reid, S. A.

Y. Tang and S. A. Reid, Chem. Phys. Lett. 248, 476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. F. R.

Snowdon, P.

Tang, Y.

Y. Tang and S. A. Reid, Chem. Phys. Lett. 248, 476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vander Wal, R. L.

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Warner, J.

J. Warner, J. Optoelectron. 3, 37 (1971).

Williams, R. B.

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 334.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

Y. Tang and S. A. Reid, Chem. Phys. Lett. 248, 476 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Vander Wal, B. E. Holmes, J. B. Jeffries, P. M. Danehy, R. L. Farrow, and D. J. Rakestraw, Chem. Phys. Lett. 191, 251 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Andrews, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 68 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Optoelectron. (1)

J. Warner, J. Optoelectron. 3, 37 (1971).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Morishita, Y. Higuchi, and T. Okada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4383 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1980), p. 334.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for alternatively performing NIR DFWM and upconverted DFWM by single-frequency generation in BBO. BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Conversion efficiency of (a) collinear and (b) noncritical phase matching.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical images of an expanding Cs plume: (a) original DFWM image at 852  nm, (b) frequency-upconverted image at 473  nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Model of the coherent imaging system used for evaluation of spatial resolution.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated spatial resolution as a function of pump-beam size.

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