Abstract

We present experimental observations of nonlinear propagation effects in an integrated AlGaAs waveguide filter. We demonstrate pulse shaping, pulse compression, and the production of gap solitons within the stop band of the grating for switching powers of 130 W. This nonlinear behavior is associated with the counterbalancing effects of self-phase modulation and the large dispersion effects introduced by the grating itself.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. G. Winful, Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).
  4. C. J. Herbert, W. S. Capinski, and M. S. Malcuit, Opt. Lett. 17, 1037 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. F. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Opt. Lett. 23, 259 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Taverner, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Opt. Lett. 23, 328 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Millar, R. Harkins, and J. S. Aitchison, Electron. Lett. 33, 1031 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Millar, J. S. Aitchison, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, Digest of 1998 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 334.
  16. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penny, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. Feldman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1001 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and P. A. Krug, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1494 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (4)

1997 (5)

C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and P. A. Krug, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Millar, R. Harkins, and J. S. Aitchison, Electron. Lett. 33, 1031 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, L. Dong, J. E. Caplen, K. Williams, and R. V. Penny, Opt. Lett. 22, 378 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. F. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Herbert, W. S. Capinski, and M. S. Malcuit, Opt. Lett. 17, 1037 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. Feldman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1001 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

H. G. Winful, Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).

1982 (1)

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Millar, R. Harkins, and J. S. Aitchison, Electron. Lett. 33, 1031 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Millar, J. S. Aitchison, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, Digest of 1998 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 334.

Assanto, G.

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Brown, T. F.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. F. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cacciatore, C.

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Campi, D.

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Capinski, W. S.

Caplen, J. E.

Cooperman, G. D.

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Coriasso, C.

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

P. Millar, J. S. Aitchison, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, Digest of 1998 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 334.

de Sterke, C. M.

C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and P. A. Krug, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, L.

Eggleton, B. J.

C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and P. A. Krug, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehrlich, J. E.

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Faustini, L.

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, S.

H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. Feldman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1001 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Harkins, R.

P. Millar, R. Harkins, and J. S. Aitchison, Electron. Lett. 33, 1031 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Herbert, C. J.

Hutchings, D. C.

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Kang, J. U.

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

P. Millar, J. S. Aitchison, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, Digest of 1998 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 334.

Krug, P. A.

C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and P. A. Krug, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laming, R. I.

Malcuit, M. S.

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Meneghini, G.

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Millar, P.

P. Millar, R. Harkins, and J. S. Aitchison, Electron. Lett. 33, 1031 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Millar, J. S. Aitchison, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, Digest of 1998 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 334.

Penny, R. V.

Prelewitz, D. F.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. F. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Rigo, C.

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sankey, N. D.

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. F. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slusher, R. E.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stano, A.

C. Coriasso, D. Campi, C. Cacciatore, L. Faustini, C. Rigo, and A. Stano, Opt. Lett. 23, 183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Taverner, D.

Villeneuve, A.

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K.

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. Feldman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1001 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Zamir, R.

H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. Feldman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1001 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. E. Ehrlich, G. Assanto, and G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 602 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Sankey, D. F. Prelewitz, and T. F. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 1427 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Campi, C. Coriasso, A. Stano, L. Faustini, C. Cacciatore, C. Rigo, and G. Meneghini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 537 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 379 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful and G. D. Cooperman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 298 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Winful, R. Zamir, and S. Feldman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1001 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Millar, R. Harkins, and J. S. Aitchison, Electron. Lett. 33, 1031 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

J. S. Aitchison, D. C. Hutchings, J. U. Kang, G. I. Stegeman, and A. Villeneuve, IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 33, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and P. A. Krug, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1494 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Lett. (1)

H. G. Winful, Phys. Lett. 46, 527 (1985).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. G. R. Broderick, D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. Ibsen, and R. I. Laming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4566 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. Millar, J. S. Aitchison, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, Digest of 1998 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), p. 334.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top, schematic of the integrated AlGaAs waveguide; bottom, scanning electron microscope photograph showing the top view of an actual grating filter with a 0.235μm-period grating on a 5μm-wide waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Position of the input pulse with respect to the grating stop band.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output temporal pulse profiles as a function of input peak power for increasing input power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multiple soliton production at high input peak powers.

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