Abstract

For high-precision frequency-based applications of lasers, the frequency difference between two independent lasers is accurately stabilized and maintained. We describe a simple and novel feed-forward method with an acousto-optic modulator. This method can be used in optical phase-locked loops.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. H. Enloe and J. L. Rodda, Proc. IEEE 53, 165 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. R. Telle and H. Li, Electron. Lett. 26, 858 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. R. Telle, D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 15, 532 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 340 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. A. Grant, W. C. Michie, and M. J. Fletcher, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 592 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Kourogi, C. H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 270 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Ascheid and H. Meyr, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-30, 2228 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, Opt. Lett. 19, 1777 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Nishikido and A. Himeno, in Photonic Switching II, Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting, K. Toda and H. S. Hinton, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 274.
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

M. Kourogi, C. H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

H. R. Telle and H. Li, Electron. Lett. 26, 858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Telle, D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 15, 532 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 340 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. A. Grant, W. C. Michie, and M. J. Fletcher, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

G. Ascheid and H. Meyr, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-30, 2228 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

L. H. Enloe and J. L. Rodda, Proc. IEEE 53, 165 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ascheid, G.

G. Ascheid and H. Meyr, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-30, 2228 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Enloe, L. H.

L. H. Enloe and J. L. Rodda, Proc. IEEE 53, 165 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, M. J.

M. A. Grant, W. C. Michie, and M. J. Fletcher, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grant, M. A.

M. A. Grant, W. C. Michie, and M. J. Fletcher, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hänsch, T. W.

Himeno, A.

J. Nishikido and A. Himeno, in Photonic Switching II, Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting, K. Toda and H. S. Hinton, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 274.
[CrossRef]

Jungner, P.

Kahn, J. M.

J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 340 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

M. Kourogi, C. H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kruger, M. S.

L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. R. Telle and H. Li, Electron. Lett. 26, 858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

Mandelberg, H. I.

L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

McGrath, P. A.

L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

Meyr, H.

G. Ascheid and H. Meyr, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-30, 2228 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Michie, W. C.

M. A. Grant, W. C. Michie, and M. J. Fletcher, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nishikido, J.

J. Nishikido and A. Himeno, in Photonic Switching II, Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting, K. Toda and H. S. Hinton, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 274.
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Kourogi, C. H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Richther, L. E.

L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rodda, J. L.

L. H. Enloe and J. L. Rodda, Proc. IEEE 53, 165 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Shin, C. H.

M. Kourogi, C. H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

Ye, J.

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. R. Telle and H. Li, Electron. Lett. 26, 858 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Kourogi, C. H. Shin, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Kahn, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 340 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

G. Ascheid and H. Meyr, IEEE Trans. Commun. COM-30, 2228 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. A. Grant, W. C. Michie, and M. J. Fletcher, J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 592 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. E. Richther, H. I. Mandelberg, M. S. Kruger, and P. A. McGrath, J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. H. Enloe and J. L. Rodda, Proc. IEEE 53, 165 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Nishikido and A. Himeno, in Photonic Switching II, Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting, K. Toda and H. S. Hinton, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1990), p. 274.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: LPF, low-pass filter; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical field spectral profile of the beat signal: A, measured with PD1; B, measured with PD3; C, calculation of B when the delay time is 1μs; D, calculation when the delay time is decreased to 0.1μs. The analysis bandwidth is 3  kHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Allan deviation of the beat signal measured with PD3.

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