Abstract

We present measurements of the power noise that is due to optical amplification in a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YAG free-space traveling-wave linear amplifier in a master-oscillator–power-amplifier configuration. The quantum noise behavior of the optical amplifier was demonstrated by use of InGaAs photodetectors in a balanced detection configuration, at a total photocurrent of 100 mA and in a frequency band from 6.25 to 15.625 MHz. The experimental results are in good agreement with predictions.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Tsubono, M. K. Fujimoto, and K. Kurodo, eds., Gravitational Wave Detection (Universal Academy, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 175–182.
  3. S. G. Lambert and W. L. Casey, Laser Communications in Space (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).
  4. R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.
  5. R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 20, 459 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. J. Shine, “A high-power, diode-laser-pumped, solid-state laser for precision interferometry,” Ph.D. dissertation G. L. 5350 (Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 69.
  7. W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.
  8. T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Willke, N. Uehara, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, P. King, S. Seel, and R. Savage, Opt. Lett. 23, 1704 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, and C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1073 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).
  13. M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 11, 216 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

1992 (2)

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1073 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, and C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Abramovici, A.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfrey, A. J.

Althouse, W. E.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

B. Willke, N. Uehara, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, P. King, S. Seel, and R. Savage, Opt. Lett. 23, 1704 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 20, 459 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kane, W. J. Kozlovsky, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 11, 216 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Casey, W. L.

S. G. Lambert and W. L. Casey, Laser Communications in Space (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).

DeBra, D. B.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

Drever, R. W. P.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ewart, R.

W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.

Fejer, M. M.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Gursel, Y.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafson, E. K.

B. Willke, N. Uehara, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, P. King, S. Seel, and R. Savage, Opt. Lett. 23, 1704 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Harris, J. S.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Harris, M.

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kane, T. J.

Kawalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, S.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

King, P.

Kozlovsky, W. J.

Lambert, S. G.

S. G. Lambert and W. L. Casey, Laser Communications in Space (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).

Loudon, R.

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Michelson, P. F.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Raab, F.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rutherford, T. S.

W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.

Savage, R.

Seel, S.

Shepherd, T. J.

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shimoda, K.

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, and C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Shine, R. J.

R. J. Shine, A. J. Alfrey, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 20, 459 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Shine, “A high-power, diode-laser-pumped, solid-state laser for precision interferometry,” Ph.D. dissertation G. L. 5350 (Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 69.

Shoemaker, D.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sievers, L.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spero, R. E.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahasi, H.

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, and C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, R. E.

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Thorne, K. S.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townes, C. H.

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, and C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Tulloch, W. M.

W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.

Uehara, N.

Vaughan, J. M.

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Voght, R. E.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, R.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whitcomb, S.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willke, B.

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1073 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

Zucker, M. E.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kawalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B 31, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Yamamoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1073 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, J. Mod. Opt. 39, 1195 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. Shimoda, H. Takahasi, and C. H. Townes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 12, 686 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gursel, S. Kawamura, F. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Voght, R. Weiss, S. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

K. Tsubono, M. K. Fujimoto, and K. Kurodo, eds., Gravitational Wave Detection (Universal Academy, Tokyo, 1997), pp. 175–182.

S. G. Lambert and W. L. Casey, Laser Communications in Space (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).

R. L. Byer, D. B. DeBra, M. M. Fejer, J. S. Harris, P. F. Michelson, Y. Yamamoto, and R. E. Taylor, GALILEO-Stanford Advanced Gravitational-Wave Laser Inter-ferometer Program (Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 23.

R. J. Shine, “A high-power, diode-laser-pumped, solid-state laser for precision interferometry,” Ph.D. dissertation G. L. 5350 (Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif., 1995), p. 69.

W. M. Tulloch, T. S. Rutherford, R. Ewart, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), paper CF3.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Wiley, New York, 1994).

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