Abstract

We developed and fabricated an all-fiber add–drop filter by recording a Bragg grating in the waist of an asymmetric mode converter–coupler formed by adiabatic tapering and fusing of two locally dissimilar, single-mode optical fibers. The insertion loss of the device was 0.1 dB. A narrow spectral bandwidth <1 nm and a large add–drop efficiency >90% were also demonstrated. In addition, the filter was polarization independent.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Dragone, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Komukai, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L230 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, S. Barcelos, P. Hua, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 19, 180 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), Chap. 7.
  9. E. Snitzer, “Add–drop device for a wavelength division multiple, fiber optic transmission system,” U.S. patent5,457,758 (October10, 1995).
  10. L. I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), pp. 213–216.
  11. R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1996

I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L230 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

J.-L. Archambault, P. St. J. Russell, S. Barcelos, P. Hua, and L. Reekie, Opt. Lett. 19, 180 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

C. Dragone, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R. C.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Archambault, J.-L.

Armes, D. J.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barcelos, S.

Baumann, I.

I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

C. Dragone, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M. J.

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heismann, F.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hua, P.

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L230 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), Chap. 7.

McKee, P. F.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miller, B. I.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, Y.

T. Komukai, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L230 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Komukai, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L230 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Newkirk, M.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nowak, W.

I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sauer, M.

I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schiff, L. I.

L. I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), pp. 213–216.

Seifert, J.

I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shabeer, M.

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, “Add–drop device for a wavelength division multiple, fiber optic transmission system,” U.S. patent5,457,758 (October10, 1995).

Taylor, J. R.

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Theriault, S.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Young, M. G.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. Heismann, L. L. Buhl, B. I. Miller, M. Newkirk, U. Koren, M. G. Young, and R. C. Alferness, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2335 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. J. Guy, S. V. Chernikov, J. R. Taylor, and R. Kashyap, Electron. Lett. 30, 1512 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Kashyap, P. F. McKee, D. J. Armes, M. Shabeer, and D. Cotter, Electron. Lett. 31, 1282 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Dragone, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Baumann, J. Seifert, W. Nowak, and M. Sauer, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Komukai, Y. Miyajima, and M. Nakazawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L230 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, Boston, Mass., 1991), Chap. 7.

E. Snitzer, “Add–drop device for a wavelength division multiple, fiber optic transmission system,” U.S. patent5,457,758 (October10, 1995).

L. I. Schiff, Quantum Mechanics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1968), pp. 213–216.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operating principle of the grating-assisted mode converter–coupler: (a) adiabatic mode evolution without a grating, (b) mode transformation when β1+β2=2π/Λg, (c) mode transformation when β1+β22π/Λg.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The structure of the add–drop filter that was fabricated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Throughput of the device during fabrication. Initially the two fibers were separate. After tapering and fusion, but before the UV exposure, <0.1dB excess loss was incurred.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral response of the add–drop filter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Wavelength-selective optical switch.

Equations (1)

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β1λ+β2λ=2π/Λg,

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