Abstract

Cascaded second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation were used to obtain the third harmonic of a CO2 laser in a single quasi-phase-matched GaAs crystal. Both continuous-wave and pulsed regimes with a single-pass configuration were studied. The continuous case confirmed the good capability of the GaAs stack to bear high average power density. In the pulsed regime a 0.66% peak power conversion efficiency was achieved for the third harmonic when the laser was pumping at 8.2 MW/cm2, in fair agreement with theoretical predictions.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).
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    [CrossRef]
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1997

1993

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

Z. L. Liau and D. E. Mull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 737 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1978

A. N. Pikhtin and A. D. Yas’kov, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 12, 622 (1978).

1976

A. Szilagyi, A. Hordvik, and H. Schlossberg, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2025 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Thompson, J. D. McMullen, and D. B. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 113 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Acef, O.

Anderson, D. B.

D. E. Thompson, J. D. McMullen, and D. B. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 113 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1977).

Brevignon, M.

E. Lallier, M. Brevignon, and J. Lehoux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 61.

Byer, R. L.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Choy, M. M.

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eckard, R. C.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Feigelson, R. S.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, L.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hordvik, A.

A. Szilagyi, A. Hordvik, and H. Schlossberg, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2025 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

E. Lallier, M. Brevignon, and J. Lehoux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 61.

Lehoux, J.

E. Lallier, M. Brevignon, and J. Lehoux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 61.

Liau, Z. L.

Z. L. Liau and D. E. Mull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 737 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McMullen, J. D.

D. E. Thompson, J. D. McMullen, and D. B. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 113 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mull, D. E.

Z. L. Liau and D. E. Mull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 737 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pikhtin, A. N.

A. N. Pikhtin and A. D. Yas’kov, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 12, 622 (1978).

Roberts, D. A.

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Route, R. R.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schlossberg, H.

A. Szilagyi, A. Hordvik, and H. Schlossberg, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2025 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Stoll, K.

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

Szilagyi, A.

A. Szilagyi, A. Hordvik, and H. Schlossberg, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2025 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, D. E.

D. E. Thompson, J. D. McMullen, and D. B. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 113 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Woods, G. L.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yas’kov, A. D.

A. N. Pikhtin and A. D. Yas’kov, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 12, 622 (1978).

Zondy, J.-J.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. E. Thompson, J. D. McMullen, and D. B. Anderson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 113 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liau and D. E. Mull, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 737 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

L. Gordon, G. L. Woods, R. C. Eckard, R. R. Route, R. S. Feigelson, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Electron. Lett. 29, 1942 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. A. Roberts, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2057 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Szilagyi, A. Hordvik, and H. Schlossberg, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2025 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

M. M. Choy and R. L. Byer, Phys. Rev. B 14, 1693 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Semicond.

A. N. Pikhtin and A. D. Yas’kov, Sov. Phys. Semicond. 12, 622 (1978).

Other

E. Lallier, M. Brevignon, and J. Lehoux, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), p. 61.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1996).

N. Bloembergen, Nonlinear Optics (Benjamin, New York, 1977).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Topology of the crystal and related interactions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the pulsed regime. D1 and D2, pyroelectric detectors used to monitor the energy of the pump pulses and the harmonics.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Second-harmonic conversion efficiencies at 10.59 µm versus the fundamental peak power. The output energy is 38 µJ at 5.3 µm for 4.8-mJ input at 10.6 µm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Third-harmonic conversion efficiencies at 10.59 µm versus the fundamental peak power. The output energy is 8 µJ at 3.6 µm for 4.8µm input at 10.6 µm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Main Properties of the Thickness of the Plates Stacked in Each Section

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η2ω=12η2ω0IOω,
η3ω=13η3ω0η2ω0I Oω2,
η2ω0=8π2deff2LSHG20c nω2n2ωλω2,
η3ω0=8π2deff2LSFG20cnωn2ωn3ωλ3ω2,
ηp2ωηe2ω=-+ftdt-+f2tdt,
ηp3ωηe3ω=-+ftdt-+f3tdt,

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