Abstract

A noncollinear optical parametric amplifier is presented that generates transform-limited sub-10-fs pulses that are tunable in both the visible and the near infrared (NIR). The pulse-front-matched pump geometry realizes tilt-free signal amplification, and pulses as short as 6.1 fs can be obtained from 550 to 700 nm. The large angular dispersion of the idler specific to the group-velocity-matching interaction is effectively eliminated by a grating–telescope compensator, and 9-fs NIR pulses are also successfully obtained from 900 to 1300 nm. This is believed to be the first tunable sub-10-fs light source.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1998 (2)

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

1997 (7)

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

E.g., O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989); R. A. Cheville, M. T. Reiten, and N. J. Halas, Opt. Lett. 17, 1343 (1992); B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

Andreoni, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[Crossref]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref]

Becker, P. C.

Bor, Z.

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

Brito-Cruz, C. H.

Cavallari, M.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Danielius, R.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Di Trapani, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[Crossref]

Driscoll, T. J.

Dubietis, A.

Dunn, M. H.

Foggi, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fork, R. L.

Gale, G. M.

Hache, F.

Hofman, Th.

Jung, I. D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kóházi-Kis, A.

R. Szipöcs and A. Kóházi-Kis, Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997), and references therein.

Krausz, F.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lenzner, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Martinez, O. E.

E.g., O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989); R. A. Cheville, M. T. Reiten, and N. J. Halas, Opt. Lett. 17, 1343 (1992); B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[Crossref]

Mathies, R. A.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Mossavi, K.

Nisoli, M.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Peteanu, L. A.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piel, J.

Piskarskas, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rácz, B.

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

Rae, C. F.

Riedle, E.

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Scheuer, V.

Shank, C. V.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito-Cruz, P. C. Becker, and C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[Crossref]

Shoenlein, R. W.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solcia, C.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[Crossref]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D. H.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

Szabó, G.

Szipöcs, R.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Szipöcs and A. Kóházi-Kis, Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997), and references therein.

Tilsch, M.

Tittel, F. K.

Tschudi, T.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wilhelm, T.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. Szipöcs and A. Kóházi-Kis, Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997), and references therein.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E.g., O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989); R. A. Cheville, M. T. Reiten, and N. J. Halas, Opt. Lett. 17, 1343 (1992); B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[Crossref]

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Science (1)

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the sub-10-fs NOPA. BS, beam sampler; HS, harmonic separator; TP, FS prism for pulse-front tilting; L1, L2, f=200 and 71-mm lenses for tilt imaging; CM1, CM2, concave mirrors r=100 mm; VND, variable neutral-density filter; WCM, concave mirror r=120 mm; CF, cutoff filter; D, delay line; TM1, concave mirror r=250 mm; TM2, cylindrical mirror r=115 mm; CG, grating (600 lines/mm), CyM, cylindrical mirror; PS1, PS2, periscopes, P1, P2, 45° FS prisms; P3, P4, 60.2° SF10 prisms (both pairs are used with the minimum deviation); G1, G2, gratings (150 lines/mm; 550-nm blaze; incident angle, 10°). The pulse fronts of the pump at TP and the BBO crystal are shown by the thick gray lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the spatial chirp of the amplified signal centered at 600 nm in the horizontal direction for nontilted (open squares) and tilted (filled circles) pump geometries. A center-of-mass wavelength is shown for each cases. The dashed line indicates the expected spatial chirp of the tilted signal in the NTP geometry. The solid curve is a guide for the eye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Properties of the idler. (a) Spectral angular dispersion of the calculated (dashed curve) and the measured (filled circles at λS=680 nm and open squares at λS=600 nm) external noncollinear angles βext with respect to the pump. The distribution of the exit angle (θ0; see Fig. 1) after the pulse passes through the telescope–grating compensator is also shown (solid curve). At zero, θ0=32.6°. (b) Spectra of the dispersion-compensated idler. (c) Measured (filled circles) and calculated (open circles) GD. The former is fitted by the GD of a 60.2° SF10 prism pair with the signs inverted (dashed curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FRAC traces of (a) signal (at 630 nm) and (b) idler (at 1100 nm). Measured (open circles), calculated TL FRAC (solid curves), and sech2-fit (dashed curves) traces are shown. The spectra and the calculated TL intensity profiles are shown in the insets at the upper left and the upper right, respectively. The sech2-fit (TL) pulse widths are (a) 6.2 fs (6.0 fs) and (b) 8.4 fs (9.4 fs). Each bandwidth is 98 nm and 203 nm FWHM.

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