Abstract

A noncollinear optical parametric amplifier is presented that generates transform-limited sub-10-fs pulses that are tunable in both the visible and the near infrared (NIR). The pulse-front-matched pump geometry realizes tilt-free signal amplification, and pulses as short as 6.1 fs can be obtained from 550 to 700 nm. The large angular dispersion of the idler specific to the group-velocity-matching interaction is effectively eliminated by a grating–telescope compensator, and 9-fs NIR pulses are also successfully obtained from 900 to 1300 nm. This is believed to be the first tunable sub-10-fs light source.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1998 (2)

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

1997 (7)

1995 (2)

1994 (1)

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

E.g., O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989); R. A. Cheville, M. T. Reiten, and N. J. Halas, Opt. Lett. 17, 1343 (1992); B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Andreoni, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Bor, Z.

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Brito-Cruz, C. H.

Cavallari, M.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, T. J.

Dubietis, A.

Dunn, M. H.

Foggi, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Gale, G. M.

Hache, F.

Hofman, Th.

Jung, I. D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kóházi-Kis, A.

R. Szipöcs and A. Kóházi-Kis, Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997), and references therein.

Krausz, F.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lenzner, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

E.g., O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989); R. A. Cheville, M. T. Reiten, and N. J. Halas, Opt. Lett. 17, 1343 (1992); B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mathies, R. A.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Mossavi, K.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peteanu, L. A.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piel, J.

Piskarskas, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rácz, B.

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rae, C. F.

Riedle, E.

Sartania, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Shank, C. V.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito-Cruz, P. C. Becker, and C. V. Shank, Opt. Lett. 12, 483 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shoenlein, R. W.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solcia, C.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, P. Foggi, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, and A. Piskarskas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Szabó, G.

Szipöcs, R.

R. Szipöcs and A. Kóházi-Kis, Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997), and references therein.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tilsch, M.

Tittel, F. K.

Tschudi, T.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, T.

Zhang, G.

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, S. Sartania, Z. Cheng, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Appl. Phys. B 65, 189 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Szipöcs and A. Kóházi-Kis, Appl. Phys. B 65, 115 (1997), and references therein.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Shirakawa and T. Kobayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 147 (1998); IEICE Trans. Electron. E81-C, 246 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 459 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

E.g., O. E. Martinez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2464 (1989); R. A. Cheville, M. T. Reiten, and N. J. Halas, Opt. Lett. 17, 1343 (1992); B. A. Richman, S. E. Bisson, R. Trebino, E. Sidick, and A. Jacobson, Opt. Lett. 23, 497 (1998), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

Z. Bor and B. Rácz, Opt. Commun. 54, 165 (1985).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Martinez, Opt. Commun. 59, 229 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Science (1)

E.g., Q. Wang, R. W. Shoenlein, L. A. Peteanu, R. A. Mathies, and C. V. Shank, Science 266, 422 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the sub-10-fs NOPA. BS, beam sampler; HS, harmonic separator; TP, FS prism for pulse-front tilting; L1, L2, f=200 and 71-mm lenses for tilt imaging; CM1, CM2, concave mirrors r=100 mm; VND, variable neutral-density filter; WCM, concave mirror r=120 mm; CF, cutoff filter; D, delay line; TM1, concave mirror r=250 mm; TM2, cylindrical mirror r=115 mm; CG, grating (600 lines/mm), CyM, cylindrical mirror; PS1, PS2, periscopes, P1, P2, 45° FS prisms; P3, P4, 60.2° SF10 prisms (both pairs are used with the minimum deviation); G1, G2, gratings (150 lines/mm; 550-nm blaze; incident angle, 10°). The pulse fronts of the pump at TP and the BBO crystal are shown by the thick gray lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the spatial chirp of the amplified signal centered at 600 nm in the horizontal direction for nontilted (open squares) and tilted (filled circles) pump geometries. A center-of-mass wavelength is shown for each cases. The dashed line indicates the expected spatial chirp of the tilted signal in the NTP geometry. The solid curve is a guide for the eye.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Properties of the idler. (a) Spectral angular dispersion of the calculated (dashed curve) and the measured (filled circles at λS=680 nm and open squares at λS=600 nm) external noncollinear angles βext with respect to the pump. The distribution of the exit angle (θ0; see Fig. 1) after the pulse passes through the telescope–grating compensator is also shown (solid curve). At zero, θ0=32.6°. (b) Spectra of the dispersion-compensated idler. (c) Measured (filled circles) and calculated (open circles) GD. The former is fitted by the GD of a 60.2° SF10 prism pair with the signs inverted (dashed curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FRAC traces of (a) signal (at 630 nm) and (b) idler (at 1100 nm). Measured (open circles), calculated TL FRAC (solid curves), and sech2-fit (dashed curves) traces are shown. The spectra and the calculated TL intensity profiles are shown in the insets at the upper left and the upper right, respectively. The sech2-fit (TL) pulse widths are (a) 6.2 fs (6.0 fs) and (b) 8.4 fs (9.4 fs). Each bandwidth is 98 nm and 203 nm FWHM.

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