Abstract

For the first time to the authors' knowledge, an integrated optical distributed Bragg reflector laser with a fixed photorefractive grating in LiNbO<sub>3</sub> is demonstrated. Sample preparation, grating fabrication, and laser characteristics are reported. The device is pumped by a fiber pigtailed laser diode (λ<sub>p</sub>≈1480 nm) through the Bragg grating in a double-pass configuration, yielding an emission in the backward direction at λ=1531.7nm . The laser threshold is 40 mW; as much as 5 mW of output power has been obtained at 110 mW of launched pump power in cw operation.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).
  2. J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).
  3. J. Hübner, P. Varming, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 139 (1997).
  4. J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).
  5. K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

1997

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

1971

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).

Amodei, J. J.

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).

Baumann, I.

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Breer, S.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Buse, K.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Gao, M.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Gross, R.

J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Hübner, J.

J. Hübner, P. Varming, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 139 (1997).

Kapphan, S.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Krätzig, E.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Kristensen, M.

J. Hübner, P. Varming, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 139 (1997).

Lehmann, H. W.

J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).

Peithmann, K.

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Schütz, H.

J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Söchtig, J.

J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Sohler, W.

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Staebler, D. L.

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).

Varming, P.

J. Hübner, P. Varming, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 139 (1997).

Widmer, R.

J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 540 (1971).

Electron. Lett.

J. Hübner, P. Varming, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 33, 139 (1997).

Electron. Lett.

J. Söchtig, and R. Gross, I. Baumann, W. Sohler, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, Electron. Lett. 31, 551 (1995).

Phys. Rev. B

K. Buse, S. Breer, K. Peithmann, S. Kapphan, M. Gao, and E. Krätzig, Phys. Rev. B 56, 1225 (1997).

Proc. SPIE

J. Söchtig, H. Schütz, R. Widmer, H. W. Lehmann, and R. Gross, in Nanofabrication Technologies and Device Integration, W. Karthe, ed., Proc. SPIE 2213, 97 (1994).

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