Abstract

We report the operation of an in-line Nd:YAG resonator using self-pumped phase conjugation in Cr4+:YAG at λ=1.064 µm in the nanosecond regime. The output beam has a high-quality diffraction-limited TEM00 mode and a pulse shape of 15 ns, showing the self-Q-switching ability of the resonator. A maximum extraction of 18 mJ and a maximum reflectivity of 2.0 are measured. A transient model provides insight into the energy characteristics and the dynamics of such an in-line resonator.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  11. A. Brignon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2154 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1997

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Brignon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2154 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 19, 393 (1994).
[PubMed]

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. A. Betin and A. V. Kirsanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 715 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

A. A. Betin and N. Y. Rusov, Sov. J. Quantum 18, 657 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

M. Ouhayoun and Y. Guern, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2150 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981

Bel’dyugin, I. M.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Berenberg, V. A.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Betin, A. A.

A. A. Betin and A. V. Kirsanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 715 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Betin and N. Y. Rusov, Sov. J. Quantum 18, 657 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

Crofts, G. J.

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 19, 393 (1994).
[PubMed]

Damzen, M. J.

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 19, 393 (1994).
[PubMed]

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dong, S.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Green, R. P. M.

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. P. M. Green, G. J. Crofts, and M. J. Damzen, Opt. Lett. 19, 393 (1994).
[PubMed]

Guern, Y.

M. Ouhayoun and Y. Guern, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2150 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kharchenko, M. A.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kirsanov, A. V.

A. A. Betin and A. V. Kirsanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 715 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kugler, N.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Q.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mochalov, I. V.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Müller, N.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ouhayoun, M.

M. Ouhayoun and Y. Guern, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2150 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Petnikova, V. M.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Petrovskii, G. T.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rusov, N. Y.

A. A. Betin and N. Y. Rusov, Sov. J. Quantum 18, 657 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shkunov, V. V.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Shuvalov, V. V.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sillard, P.

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2049 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Van Eck, J. L.

Vanherzeele, H.

Vasil’ev, A. E.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wittrock, U.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zel’dovich, B. Y.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Zolotarev, M. V.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Ouhayoun and Y. Guern, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-22, 2150 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

M. J. Damzen, R. P. M. Green, and G. J. Crofts, Opt. Commun. 110, 152 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

Q. Lü, N. Kugler, H. Weber, S. Dong, N. Müller, and U. Wittrock, Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 57 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

P. Sillard, A. Brignon, and J.-P. Huignard, Quantum Electron. 33, 483 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum

A. A. Betin and N. Y. Rusov, Sov. J. Quantum 18, 657 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

I. M. Bel’dyugin, V. A. Berenberg, A. E. Vasil’ev, I. V. Mochalov, V. M. Petnikova, G. T. Petrovskii, M. A. Kharchenko, and V. V. Shuvalov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 19, 740 (1989).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Bel’dyugin, B. Y. Zel’dovich, M. V. Zolotarev, and V. V. Shkunov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 1583 (1985).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Betin and A. V. Kirsanov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 715 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experiment: P’s, Glan polarizers; FR, Faraday rotator; λ/2’s, half-wave plates; G1, G2, flash-lamp-pumped Nd:YAG amplifiers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spatial profile of the input beam. (b) High-quality diffraction-limited TEM00 profile of the output beam for maximum extraction from the in-line resonator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental (symbols) and theoretical (curves) normalized output fluence Uout/Usatabs and the reflectivity R=Uout/Uin versus the normalized input fluence Uin/Usatabs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output fluence Uout/Usatabs as a function of the crystal rotation angle ϕ. The input fluence is fixed at Uin=4.9Usatabs, which corresponds to maximum extraction.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Multipeak temporal trace of the input beam. (b) Temporal trace of the output beam for maximum extraction: Uin=4.9Usatabs.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Theoretical curves of the input intensity Iint, the output intensity Ioutt, and the round-trip gain γt for maximum extraction.

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