Abstract

Application and characterization of large-format IR focal-plane arrays as detectors for ultrafast, high-resolution IR spectroscopy are discussed. We also present generation of broadband IR probe–reference pulses by use of collinear non-phase-matched geometry and shot-to-shot dual-track normalization to obtain transient spectra from broadly absorbing hydrogen-bonded systems. As much as 400-cm<sup>-1</sup>-wide coverage with 15-cm<sup>-1</sup> FWHM spectral resolution and ±6.4 × 10<sup>-4</sup>(?OD = 3 × 10<sup>-4</sup>) baseline standard deviation (±1?s) is demonstrated near 2.9 µm.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).
  2. H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).
  3. T. P. Dougherty and E. J. Heilweil, Opt. Lett. 19, 129 (1994) ; E. J. Heilweil, Opt. Lett. 14, 551 (1989).
  4. Commercial equipment is identified but in no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by NIST.
  5. A. Yariv and Y. Poctti, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1983), Chap. 12, p. 520.
  6. S. M. Arrivo and E. J. Heilweil, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11975 (1996).
  7. L. H. Kidder, I. W. Levin, E. N. Lewis, V. D. Kleiman, and E. J. Heilweil, Opt. Lett. 22, 742 (1997).

1997

1996

S. M. Arrivo and E. J. Heilweil, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11975 (1996).

1994

1990

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

1983

A. Yariv and Y. Poctti, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1983), Chap. 12, p. 520.

Akhremitchev, B.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Anfinrud, P. A.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Arrivo, S. M.

S. M. Arrivo and E. J. Heilweil, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11975 (1996).

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Church, S. P.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Dougherty, T. P.

Graener, H.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Grevels, F.-W.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Hamm, P.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Han, C.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Heilweil, E. J.

Hermann, H.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Hochstrasser, R. M.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Kidder, L. H.

Kleiman, V. D.

Laubereau, A.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Levin, I. W.

Lewis, E. N.

Lian, T.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Losch, T.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Poctti, Y.

A. Yariv and Y. Poctti, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1983), Chap. 12, p. 520.

Schaffner, K.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Spears, K. G.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Walker, G. C.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Wang, C.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Wang, L.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Weitz, E.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Wen, X.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

Wiemann, S.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Yang, X.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and Y. Poctti, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1983), Chap. 12, p. 520.

Zhu, X.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Zinth, W.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Zurek, M.

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

J. Chem. Phys.

H. Graener, T. Losch, and A. Laubereau, J. Chem. Phys. 93, 5365 (1990); P. A. Anfinrud, C. Han, T. Lian, and R. M. Hochstrasser, J. Phys. Chem. 94, 1180 (1990); K. G. Spears, X. Wen, and S. M. Arrivo, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 9693 (1994).

J. Phys. Chem.

S. M. Arrivo and E. J. Heilweil, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11975 (1996).

E. Weitz, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 11256 (1994); S. P. Church, F.-W. Grevels, H. Hermann, and K. Schaffner, Inorg. Chem. 24, 418 (1985); K. G. Spears, X. Zhu, X. Yang, and L. Wang, Opt. Commun. 66, 167 (1988); P. Hamm, S. Wiemann, M. Zurek, and W. Zinth, Opt. Lett. 19, 1642 (1994); B. Akhremitchev, C. Wang, and G. C. Walker, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3799 (1996).

Opt. Lett.

Other

Commercial equipment is identified but in no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by NIST.

A. Yariv and Y. Poctti, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, New York, 1983), Chap. 12, p. 520.

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