Abstract

We report room-temperature continuous-wave upconversion laser emission on the green transition S43/2I415/2 in Er(1%),Yb(3%):YLiF4 at 551  nm. Green laser operation was obtained for titanium–sapphire pump wavelengths continuously tunable between 955 and 974.5  nm. Codoping with Yb3+ resulted in a more efficient excitation of the upper laser level by upconversion processes. The maximum green laser output power was 37  mW at an incident titanium–sapphire pump power level of 1580  mW at 966  nm.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. R. J. Thrash and L. F. Johnson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 881 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).
  4. L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
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  7. F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.
  8. J. P. van der Ziel, F. W. Ostermayer, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4432 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. J. Kötke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Diening, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe–European Quantum Electronics Conference ’96, September 10–12, 1996, Hamburg Germany.
  14. D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, 954 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. Kötke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

R. J. Thrash and L. F. Johnson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 881 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

1993 (1)

X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 45, 341 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

J. P. van der Ziel, F. W. Ostermayer, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4432 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, 954 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 45, 341 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Breinier, A.

J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.

E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

T. Sandrock, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 550.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

A. Diening, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe–European Quantum Electronics Conference ’96, September 10–12, 1996, Hamburg Germany.

Guggenheim, H. J.

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Heine, F.

F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.

Heumann, E.

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.

E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

T. Sandrock, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 550.

Hong, P.

X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

J. Kötke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.

A. Diening, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe–European Quantum Electronics Conference ’96, September 10–12, 1996, Hamburg Germany.

T. Sandrock, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 550.

E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Jensen, T.

A. Diening, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe–European Quantum Electronics Conference ’96, September 10–12, 1996, Hamburg Germany.

Johnson, L. F.

R. J. Thrash and L. F. Johnson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 881 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Katayanagi, K.

Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knüpfer, A.

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

Kötke, J.

J. Kötke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

P. Lacovara, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Vol.  13 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 296.

Lupei, V.

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, 954 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Mita, Y.

Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Möbert, P. E.-A.

F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.

E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

Moncorgé, R.

J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ostermayer, F. W.

J. P. van der Ziel, F. W. Ostermayer, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4432 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V.

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pedrini, C.

J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, J.

J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sandrock, T.

T. Sandrock, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 550.

Shionoya, S.

Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thrash, R. J.

van der Ziel, J. P.

J. P. van der Ziel, F. W. Ostermayer, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4432 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Van Uitert, L. G.

J. P. van der Ziel, F. W. Ostermayer, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4432 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, H.

Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. X.

X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Kötke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44 (1971).
[CrossRef]

X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, and B. H. T. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Mita, H. Yamamoto, K. Katayanagi, and S. Shionoya, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 1219 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

F. Auzel, J. Lumin. 45, 341 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Rubin, A. Breinier, R. Moncorgé, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. III (1)

A. Knüpfer, E. Heumann, V. Ostroumov, G. Huber, V. Lupei, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Phys. III 4(C4), 403 (1994).

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, 954 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. P. van der Ziel, F. W. Ostermayer, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 2, 4432 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

P. Lacovara, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science, Vol.  13 of 1992 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 296.

E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 288.

T. Sandrock, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), p. 550.

F. Heine, E. Heumann, P. E.-A. Möbert, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol.  24 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 74.

A. Diening, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Europe–European Quantum Electronics Conference ’96, September 10–12, 1996, Hamburg Germany.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature absorption spectra of Er(1%), Yb(2%):YLiF4 and Er(1%):YLiF4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy-level diagram for the Er3+ and Yb3+ ions, showing the pump mechanism employed to populate the upper laser level.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the setup used in the experiment. BG, blue-green.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

551-nm laser output power of Er(1%),Yb(3%):YLiF4 as a function of the total incident Ti:sapphire pump power for an output coupling of 5% compared with the laser power of Er(1%):YLiF 4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Excitation spectrum of Er(1%),Yb(3%):YLiF4 showing the laser output at 551  nm versus the Ti:sapphire pump wavelength for an output coupling of 1.4%.

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