Abstract

Photorefractive planar waveguides have been fabricated in cerium-doped strontium barium niobate (SrxBa1−xNb2O6, SBN) single crystals by ion-beam implantation. The losses measured were as low as 0.1 and 7.0 dB cm−1 for the TM and the TE modes, respectively. Subsequent two-beam-coupling experiments performed on the waveguides showed that, unlike for BaTiO3 and KNbO3 waveguides formed by ion-beam implantation, the two-beam-coupling gain direction did not reverse. Also, the response time had been reduced by 2 orders of magnitude.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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1995 (2)

D. Kip, S. Aulkemeyer, P. Moretti, Opt. Lett. 20, 1256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aulkemeyer, S.

Beach, L. A.

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Buchal, Ch.

Bulmer, C. H.

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chandler, P. J.

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

de Sandro, J. P.

J. P. de Sandro, (Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southhampton, Highfield, Southhampton S017 1BJ, UK (personal communication).

Destefanis, G. L.

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eason, R. W.

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eknoyan, O.

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Farmery, B. W.

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fleuster, M.

Fluck, D.

Gailliard, J. P.

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Greenblatt, A. S.

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

M. Zha, D. Fluck, P. Gunter, M. Fleuster, Ch. Buchal, Opt. Lett. 18, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Gunter, Electro-Optic and Photorefractive Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 266.

James, S. W.

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

Ligeon, E. L.

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Marx, J. M.

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moretti, P.

Neurgaonkar, R. R.

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Perez, A.

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z.

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Valette, S.

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Q.

N. H. Zhu, Z. Q. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 4th ed. (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1991).

Youden, K. E. Y.

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zha, M.

Zhang, L.

K. E. Y. Youden, S. W. James, R. W. Eason, P. J. Chandler, L. Zhang, P. D. Townsend, Opt. Lett. 17, 1511 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N. H.

N. H. Zhu, Z. Q. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

O. Eknoyan, C. H. Bulmer, H. F. Taylor, W. K. Burns, A. S. Greenblatt, L. A. Beach, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Marx, Z. Tang, O. Eknoyan, H. F. Taylor, R. R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 274 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. L. Destefanis, J. P. Gailliard, E. L. Ligeon, S. Valette, B. W. Farmery, P. D. Townsend, A. Perez, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7898 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. H. Zhu, Z. Q. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 517 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. Gunter, Electro-Optic and Photorefractive Materials (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986), p. 266.

J. P. de Sandro, (Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southhampton, Highfield, Southhampton S017 1BJ, UK (personal communication).

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics, 4th ed. (Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa., 1991).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Response time versus irradiance for bulk and waveguide SBN:61.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response time versus ion-implantation dose in SBN:61.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Response time and beam-coupling gain in BaTiO3 (after Ref. 8).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Losses in Ion-Implanted SBN:61 (Assuming a Coupling Efficiency of 80%)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Losses in Ion-Implanted SBN:75 (Assuming a Coupling Efficiency of 80%)

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