Abstract

Permanent photobleaching of blue luminescence with a maximum at ~390 nm in Ge-doped fiber preforms by exposure to the third harmonic (354 nm) of a Nd:YAG laser has been observed. The experimental results show that photodestruction of a germanium oxygen-deficient center can occur without photoionization.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condensed Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. S. Skuja, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 77 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Patric, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).
  6. E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).
  7. I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, B. Leshe, Opt. Lett. 16, 1487 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 17, 571 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Poirier, S. Thibault, J. Lauzon, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 18, 870 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. G. Seats, P. A. Krug, Proc. SPIE 2044, 113 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, B. Poumellec, “Photoinduced restructuring of oxygen vacancy—new mechanism of oxygen-deficient centers photodestruction and index change in silica glass based fibers,”submitted toJETP Lett.
  12. F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Mizrahi, R. M. Atkins, Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Gallagher, U. Osterberg, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2771 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1994

H. Patric, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condensed Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

V. Mizrahi, R. M. Atkins, Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Gallagher, U. Osterberg, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2771 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Poirier, S. Thibault, J. Lauzon, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 18, 870 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Seats, P. A. Krug, Proc. SPIE 2044, 113 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

L. S. Skuja, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 77 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Driscoll, N. M. Lawandy, Opt. Lett. 17, 571 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Margulis, B. Leshe, Opt. Lett. 16, 1487 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abe, Y.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Anoikin, E. V.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Atkins, R. M.

V. Mizrahi, R. M. Atkins, Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, R. S.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, I. C. S.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, B. Poumellec, “Photoinduced restructuring of oxygen vacancy—new mechanism of oxygen-deficient centers photodestruction and index change in silica glass based fibers,”submitted toJETP Lett.

Driscoll, T. J.

Duval, Y.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, S.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, M.

M. Gallagher, U. Osterberg, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2771 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, S. L.

H. Patric, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Gusovsky, D. D.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Hosono, H.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kawazoe, H.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

Kinser, D. L.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

M. G. Seats, P. A. Krug, Proc. SPIE 2044, 113 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lauzon, J.

Lawandy, N. M.

Leshe, B.

Lidgard, A.

H. Patric, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

Mashinsky, V. M.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Miroshnichenko, S. I.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi, R. M. Atkins, Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Muta, K.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Neustruev, V. B.

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condensed Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Osterberg, U.

M. Gallagher, U. Osterberg, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2771 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Poirier, S. Thibault, J. Lauzon, F. Ouellette, Opt. Lett. 18, 870 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Patric, H.

H. Patric, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Poirier, M.

Poumellec, B.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, B. Poumellec, “Photoinduced restructuring of oxygen vacancy—new mechanism of oxygen-deficient centers photodestruction and index change in silica glass based fibers,”submitted toJETP Lett.

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

Seats, M. G.

M. G. Seats, P. A. Krug, Proc. SPIE 2044, 113 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Skuja, L. S.

L. S. Skuja, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 77 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, B. Poumellec, “Photoinduced restructuring of oxygen vacancy—new mechanism of oxygen-deficient centers photodestruction and index change in silica glass based fibers,”submitted toJETP Lett.

Starodubov, D. S.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

Stepanov, Yu. D.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

Sulimov, V. B.

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, B. Poumellec, “Photoinduced restructuring of oxygen vacancy—new mechanism of oxygen-deficient centers photodestruction and index change in silica glass based fibers,”submitted toJETP Lett.

Thibault, S.

Tikhomirov, V. A.

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Weeks, R. A.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. L.

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, F. Ouellette, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2955 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

V. Mizrahi, R. M. Atkins, Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Gallagher, U. Osterberg, J. Appl. Phys. 74, 2771 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

L. S. Skuja, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 149, 77 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condensed Matter

V. B. Neustruev, J. Phys. Condensed Matter 6, 6901 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

H. Patric, S. L. Gilbert, A. Lidgard, Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, H. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

F. Ouellette, R. S. Campbell, D. L. Williams, R. Kashyap, Proc. SPIE 2044, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Seats, P. A. Krug, Proc. SPIE 2044, 113 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Lightwave Commun.

E. M. Dianov, P. G. Kazansky, A. M. Prokhorov, D. S. Starodubov, Yu. D. Stepanov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 2, 147 (1992).

E. V. Anoikin, A. N. Guryanov, D. D. Gusovsky, V. M. Mashinsky, S. I. Miroshnichenko, V. B. Neustruev, V. A. Tikhomirov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 29 (1991).

Other

V. B. Sulimov, V. O. Sokolov, E. M. Dianov, B. Poumellec, “Photoinduced restructuring of oxygen vacancy—new mechanism of oxygen-deficient centers photodestruction and index change in silica glass based fibers,”submitted toJETP Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the transitions and energy levels of a GODC. The excitation of the singlet–singlet S0S1 transition by a 5-eV photon is followed by photoionization or nonradiative relaxation to triplet state T1 and blue ~3.1-eV luminescence. The excitation of forbidden singlet–triplet S0T1 transition also results in blue luminescence. CB, conduction band.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for investigations of blue luminescence bleaching by a Nd:YAG laser TH. QS, Q-switched; ML, mode locked; UVF, UV-transmitting filter; BLF, blue-light-transmitting filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time dependencies of the blue luminescence signal for a molecular chemical-vapor deposition fiber preforms with GeO2 concentrations of 8% and 20%. The bleaching TH average power is 20 mW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of blue luminescence relative bleaching on the TH average power for the 8% GeO2 fiber preform. The bleaching time is 100 s. The peak TH intensity for 20 mW is ~30 MW/cm2.

Equations (1)

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I s = h ν / 2 σ τ ,

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