Abstract

A molecular-beam-epitaxy-grown semiconductor saturable absorber mirror with integrated dispersion compensation, based on a Gires–Tournois structure, is demonstrated. This dispersion-compensating saturable absorber mirror generated 160-fs pulses with 25-mW average power from a simple diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF6 laser without any additional dispersion compensation.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  4. F. Gires, P. Tournois, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112 (1964).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, E. A. de Souza, W. Y. Jan, J. E. Cunningham, Opt. Lett. 20, 1406 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  16. M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1.
  17. M. Fukuda, Reliability and Degradation of Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs (Artech, Boston, Mass., 1991).
  18. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  19. D. Kopf, F. X. Kärtner, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 1169 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (8)

1994 (4)

1991 (1)

1964 (1)

F. Gires, P. Tournois, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112 (1964).

Bor, Z.

Brovelli, L.

Brovelli, L. R.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2.

Chiu, T. H.

Cunningham, J. E.

de Souza, E. A.

Dymott, M. J. P.

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 19, 1157 (1994).

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1.

Ferencz, K.

Ferguson, A. I.

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 19, 1157 (1994).

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1.

Fukuda, M.

M. Fukuda, Reliability and Degradation of Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs (Artech, Boston, Mass., 1991).

Giesen, A.

Gires, F.

F. Gires, P. Tournois, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112 (1964).

Hönninger, C.

Jan, W. Y.

Jung, I. D.

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 2143 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kean, P. N.

Keller, U.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 16 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brovelli, U. Keller, T. H. Chiu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 311 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, F. X. Kärtner, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 1169 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hönninger, G. Zhang, U. Keller, A. Giesen, Opt. Lett. 20, 2402 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 2143 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2.

D. Kopf, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD41.

Knox, W. H.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Kopf, D.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. Kopf, F. X. Kärtner, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 1169 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 2143 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD41.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2.

Kovacs, A. P.

Krausz, F.

Moser, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, M. Moser, Opt. Lett. 20, 1559 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD41.

Osvay, K.

Sibbett, W.

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

Szipocs, R.

Szipöcs, R.

Tournois, P.

F. Gires, P. Tournois, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112 (1964).

Tsuda, S.

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, F. X. Kärtner, K. J. Weingarten, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 1169 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 19, 2143 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2.

Zhang, G.

C. Hönninger, G. Zhang, U. Keller, A. Giesen, Opt. Lett. 20, 2402 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kopf, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD41.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 58, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1)

F. Gires, P. Tournois, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 258, 6112 (1964).

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 31, 287 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (10)

Other (5)

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2.

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1.

M. Fukuda, Reliability and Degradation of Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs (Artech, Boston, Mass., 1991).

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

D. Kopf, G. Zhang, M. Moser, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD41.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser with the D-SAM and the output coupler (1%) as end mirrors. Inset: structure of the D-SAM device. All layers except the saturable absorber (SA) layer are transparent at the laser wavelength. ROC, radius of curvature; SAC900, single-axis collimator microlens (Blue Sky Research).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured reflectivity and group delay of the D-SAM (dashed curves) and the calculated group delay of the D-SAM (solid curve), where positive slope corresponds to negative GVD. (b) Calculated reflectivity curve and group delay for a design with the absorber layer (GaAs) positioned at the field maximum of the standing wave inside the Gires–Tournois structure, resulting in a strong absorption dip at the resonance. Laser operation will not be possible in the negative GVD regime because the Cr:LiSAF broad emission band will prefer lasing at one of the two reflection maxima.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Standing-wave pattern of intensity inside the D-SAM structure for three different wavelengths (lower graph) and corresponding refractive-index profile (upper graph). The three arrows indicate different intensity node and maxima locations for the three wavelengths. See Fig. 1 for details.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transform-limited mode-locking results: (a) noncollinear autocorrelation, (b) pulse spectrum. Solid curves, measured; dotted curves, sech2 fit.

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