Abstract

We propose a new x-ray laser mechanism that uses radiation from the strongest 3d → 2p Ne-like resonance line in an optically thick plasma to radiatively drive population from the Ne-like ground state to the 3d state, which then lases to two 3p states. Collisional mixing of the 3p states with nearby 3s and 3d states depopulates the lower laser states. Modeling is presented for this mechanism in Ne-like Ar, and in experiments we observe one potential 3d → 3p lasing transition at 45.1 nm in Ne-like Ar.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. C. Elton, X-ray Lasers (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990), pp. 99–198.
  2. B. N. Chichkov, E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 42, 599 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Zhang, E. E. Fill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1343 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. B. Zimmerman, W. L. Kruer, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 11, 51 (1975).
  6. J. Nilsen, AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, Phys. Scr. 49, 588 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, J. P. Buchet, Phys. Scr. 27, 99 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. E. Kramida, Opt. Spektrosk. 58, 738 (1985) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 58, 450 (1985)].
  12. J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

1995

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, Phys. Scr. 49, 588 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

J. Zhang, E. E. Fill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1343 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

B. N. Chichkov, E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 42, 599 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

J. Nilsen, AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

A. E. Kramida, Opt. Spektrosk. 58, 738 (1985) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 58, 450 (1985)].

1983

M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, J. P. Buchet, Phys. Scr. 27, 99 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1975

G. B. Zimmerman, W. L. Kruer, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 11, 51 (1975).

Bartnik, A.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Buchet, J. P.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, J. P. Buchet, Phys. Scr. 27, 99 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Buchet-Poulizac, M. C.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, J. P. Buchet, Phys. Scr. 27, 99 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

B. N. Chichkov, E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 42, 599 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chilla, J. L. A.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cortázar, O. D.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Da Silva, L. B.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Denis, A.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Desesquelles, J.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Druetta, M.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Elton, R. C.

R. C. Elton, X-ray Lasers (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990), pp. 99–198.

Fiedorowicz, H.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fill, E.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fill, E. E.

J. Zhang, E. E. Fill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1343 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Chichkov, E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 42, 599 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartshorn, D.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, J. A.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kramida, A. E.

A. E. Kramida, Opt. Spektrosk. 58, 738 (1985) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 58, 450 (1985)].

Kruer, W. L.

G. B. Zimmerman, W. L. Kruer, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 11, 51 (1975).

Li, Y.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

MacGowan, B. J.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Martin, S.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J. C.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, J.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, Phys. Scr. 49, 588 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pretzler, G.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scofield, J. H.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, Phys. Scr. 49, 588 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shlyaptsev, V.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szczurek, M.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tomasel, F. G.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wyart, J. F.

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, E. E. Fill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1343 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zimmerman, G. B.

G. B. Zimmerman, W. L. Kruer, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 11, 51 (1975).

AIP Conf. Proc.

J. Nilsen, AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion

G. B. Zimmerman, W. L. Kruer, Comments Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 11, 51 (1975).

J. Phys. B

J. P. Buchet, M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, A. Denis, J. Desesquelles, M. Druetta, S. Martin, J. F. Wyart, J. Phys. B 20, 1709 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, J. C. Moreno, J. A. Koch, J. H. Scofield, Opt. Eng. 33, 2687 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

J. Zhang, E. E. Fill, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1343 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spektrosk.

A. E. Kramida, Opt. Spektrosk. 58, 738 (1985) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 58, 450 (1985)].

Phys. Rev. A

B. N. Chichkov, E. E. Fill, Phys. Rev. A 42, 599 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. J. Rocca, V. Shlyaptsev, F. G. Tomasel, O. D. Cortázar, D. Hartshorn, J. L. A. Chilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2192 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Scr.

M. C. Buchet-Poulizac, J. P. Buchet, Phys. Scr. 27, 99 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, J. H. Scofield, Phys. Scr. 49, 588 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, M. Szczurek, E. Fill, Y. Li, P. Lu, G. Pretzler, Proc. SPIE 2520, 55 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. C. Elton, X-ray Lasers (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990), pp. 99–198.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram showing the resonant photopumping mechanism for the 45.1-nm Ne-like Ar laser transition that is self-photopumped by radiation trapping of the strong 3d → 2p resonance line at 4.147 nm. The important kinetic rates (ns−1) are shown; the radiative rates are denoted by γR, and the net collisional rates by γC. The lasing process is driven by the photoexcitation rate, γR = 39 ns−1. The rates are in the region of peak gain from the detailed XRASER calculations, which include line transfer on the seven n = 3 → n = 2 Ne-like lines.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

On-axis spectrum obtained in Asterix experiments from a 2.7-cm-long target with an Ar-gas puff illuminated by a 400-J pulse with a duration of 450 ps. Two strong lines are observed, at 46.9 and 45.1 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Gains of the Four Ne-Like Ar Laser Transitions in the Region of Peak Temporal and Spatial Gaina

Metrics