Abstract

The refractive-index modulation generated in optical fibers by electrostriction-induced acoustic waves is investigated directly by a pump-probe measurement technique in a 1-km-long fiber Sagnac-loop interferometer. Pump pulses propagating unidirectionally around the loop generate transverse acoustic waves that produce a time-dependent relative phase shift for the probe pulses. The consequent interferometer transmission changes are used as a measure of the acoustic interaction. The acoustic impulse response function of the fiber is measured by use of short optical pulses with a 1-MHz repetition rate. The response consists of a series of peaks separated by ~21 ns with a maximum value of refractive-index modulation of −1.1 × 10−11 generated by the 230-pJ pump pulses. At a higher pulse repetition rate of 100 MHz additional temporal structure is generated in the 0–5-ns period after the pump pulse, leading to a response similar to that observed in long-range soliton interaction.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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1995 (2)

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 10, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

A. J. Poustie, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

1992 (2)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Finlayson, B. K. Nayar, N. J. Doran, Opt. Lett. 17, 112 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

1990 (2)

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, P. W.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doran, N. J.

Finlayson, N.

Golovchenko, E. A.

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 10, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

Grudinin, A. B.

Kaye, G. W. C.

G. W. C. Kaye, T. H. Laby, Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants (Longman, London, 1986).

Laby, T. H.

G. W. C. Kaye, T. H. Laby, Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants (Longman, London, 1986).

Levenson, M. D.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Luchnikov, A. V.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mamyshev, P. V.

Menyuk, C. R.

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 10, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Nayar, B. K.

Nelson, B. P.

Neubelt, M. J.

Payne, D. N.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

A. N. Pilipetskii, E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, Opt. Lett. 10, 907 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poustie, A. J.

A. J. Poustie, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

Starodumov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Opt. Lett. 15, 314 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokhorov, Appl. Phys. B 54, 175 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J.Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

A. J. Poustie, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 691 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. M. Shelby, M. D. Levenson, P. W. Bayer, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5244 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Lightwave Commun. (2)

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. N. Starodumov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 37 (1991).

A. N. Pilipetskii, A. V. Luchnikov, A. M. Prokhorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 3, 29 (1993).

Other (1)

G. W. C. Kaye, T. H. Laby, Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants (Longman, London, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Index changes measured with a 1-MHz laser repetition rate and a pump pulse energy of 230 pJ. The XPM peak at zero time has been removed for clarity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Index changes measured with a 100-MHz laser repetition rate and a pump pulse energy of 24 pJ. XPM between the copropagating pump and probe pulses gives rise to a peak at zero time, which has been removed for clarity. XPM between the pump and counterpropagating probe pulses gives rise to the Δn offset ~−5 × 10−13 evident in the figure.

Equations (1)

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P out / P in = A { 1 2 α ( 1 α ) [ 1 + cos ( θ o + θ p ) ] } ,

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