Abstract

We present a dipole-on-dielectric model for lithographic antennas used for bolometer coupling in the infrared. The predicted antenna patterns show good agreement with measurements of Au-on-Si spiral antennas at 9.5-μm wavelength. Angle- and polarization-resolved measurements are proposed, which will further probe the behavior of these antenna structures and facilitate refinement of the analytical models.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. Rutledge, D. Neikirk, D. Kasilingham, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), Vol. 10, pp. 1–90.
  2. C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Grossman, J. Sauvageau, D. McDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3225 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Brewitt-Taylor, D. Gunton, H. Rees, Electron. Lett. 17, 729 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Nakano, Helical and Spiral Antennas (Wiley, New York, 1987), p. 111.
  7. J. Kaiser, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 8, 312 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Dyson, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 7, 181 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Rutledge, M. Muha, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 30, 535 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

E. Grossman, J. Sauvageau, D. McDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. Rutledge, M. Muha, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 30, 535 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

C. Brewitt-Taylor, D. Gunton, H. Rees, Electron. Lett. 17, 729 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

J. Kaiser, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 8, 312 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

J. Dyson, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 7, 181 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Brewitt-Taylor, C.

C. Brewitt-Taylor, D. Gunton, H. Rees, Electron. Lett. 17, 729 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Compton, R.

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dyson, J.

J. Dyson, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 7, 181 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Grossman, E.

E. Grossman, J. Sauvageau, D. McDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gunton, D.

C. Brewitt-Taylor, D. Gunton, H. Rees, Electron. Lett. 17, 729 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jauhar, J.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, J.

J. Kaiser, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 8, 312 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Karadi, C.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

Kasilingham, D.

D. Rutledge, D. Neikirk, D. Kasilingham, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), Vol. 10, pp. 1–90.

Kouwenhoven, L.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

McDonald, D.

E. Grossman, J. Sauvageau, D. McDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McEuen, P.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R.

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Muha, M.

D. Rutledge, M. Muha, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 30, 535 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Nagamune, Y.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

Nakano, H.

H. Nakano, Helical and Spiral Antennas (Wiley, New York, 1987), p. 111.

Neikirk, D.

D. Rutledge, D. Neikirk, D. Kasilingham, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), Vol. 10, pp. 1–90.

Popovic, Z.

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rebeiz, G.

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rees, H.

C. Brewitt-Taylor, D. Gunton, H. Rees, Electron. Lett. 17, 729 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Rutledge, D.

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Rutledge, M. Muha, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 30, 535 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. Rutledge, D. Neikirk, D. Kasilingham, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), Vol. 10, pp. 1–90.

Sakaki, H.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

Sauvageau, J.

E. Grossman, J. Sauvageau, D. McDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tong, P.

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wald, K.

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Grossman, J. Sauvageau, D. McDonald, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Brewitt-Taylor, D. Gunton, H. Rees, Electron. Lett. 17, 729 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (2)

R. Compton, R. McPhedran, Z. Popovic, G. Rebeiz, P. Tong, D. Rutledge, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 35, 622 (1987).
[CrossRef]

D. Rutledge, M. Muha, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 30, 535 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. (2)

J. Kaiser, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 8, 312 (1960).
[CrossRef]

J. Dyson, IRE Trans. Antennas Propag. 7, 181 (1959).
[CrossRef]

J.Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

C. Karadi, J. Jauhar, L. Kouwenhoven, K. Wald, P. McEuen, Y. Nagamune, H. Sakaki, J.Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2566 (1994) .
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Rutledge, D. Neikirk, D. Kasilingham, in Infrared and Millimeter Waves, K. J. Button, ed. (Academic, New York, 1983), Vol. 10, pp. 1–90.

H. Nakano, Helical and Spiral Antennas (Wiley, New York, 1987), p. 111.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the measurement setup used in Ref. 4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Power radiation function as a function of dipole coordinates P(θd, φd), along with measurement coordinate system (θm, φm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured antenna-pattern data from Ref. 4, along with dipole-on-dielectric predictions for antenna patterns, both with and without convolution with an f/1.7 cone, as a function of φm.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r = λ / 2 π .
P ( θ d ) = ( ω μ 0 I h 4 π r ) 2 2 ε 0 μ 0 × n | n cos [ sin 1 ( n sin θ d ) ] cos θ d n cos [ sin 1 ( n sin θ d ) ] + cos θ d | 2 ,
P ( φ d ) = ( ω μ 0 I h 4 π r ) 2 2 ε 0 μ 0 × n { n cos φ d cos [ sin 1 ( n sin φ d ) ] + n cos φ d } 2 ,
exp ( β / tan 65 ° ) = 9 . 5 2 π ,
θ d = tan 1 ( sin φ m sin γ cos φ m ) ,
φ d = tan 1 { cos φ m cos γ [ ( sin φ m sin γ ) 2 + cos 2 φ m ] 1 / 2 } ,

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