Abstract

We report the experimental observation of bright temporal solitonlike pulses propagating in a material with a negative nonlinearity and positive (normal) dispersion. We believe this to be the first observation of bright solitonic pulses in a material with a negative Kerr nonlinearity. We have observed a gradual narrowing of the output pulse width as a function of increasing input power, and our results agree well with simulations.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. GordonPhys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. AdachiJ. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. SilberbergOpt. Lett. 15, 1005 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. V. Afanasjev, J. S. Aitchison, Y. KivsharOpt. Commun. 116, 331 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Paré, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Bélanger, N. J. Doran“Compensating for dispersion and nonlinear Kerr effect without phase conjugation,”Opt. Lett. (to be published).

1995

V. V. Afanasjev, J. S. Aitchison, Y. KivsharOpt. Commun. 116, 331 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

Y. SilberbergOpt. Lett. 15, 1005 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

S. AdachiJ. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. GordonPhys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

S. AdachiJ. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Afanasjev, V. V.

V. V. Afanasjev, J. S. Aitchison, Y. KivsharOpt. Commun. 116, 331 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

V. V. Afanasjev, J. S. Aitchison, Y. KivsharOpt. Commun. 116, 331 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, K. K.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bélanger, P. A.

C. Paré, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Bélanger, N. J. Doran“Compensating for dispersion and nonlinear Kerr effect without phase conjugation,”Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Doran, N. J.

C. Paré, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Bélanger, N. J. Doran“Compensating for dispersion and nonlinear Kerr effect without phase conjugation,”Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Emplit, P.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. GordonPhys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hamaide, J. P.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, R. J.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heritage, J. P.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hutchings, D. C.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kirschner, E. M.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y.

V. V. Afanasjev, J. S. Aitchison, Y. KivsharOpt. Commun. 116, 331 (1995).
[CrossRef]

LaGasse, M. J.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. GordonPhys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Paré, C.

C. Paré, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Bélanger, N. J. Doran“Compensating for dispersion and nonlinear Kerr effect without phase conjugation,”Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Reynaud, F.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Stegeman, G. I.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. GordonPhys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Thurston, R. N.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomlinson, W. J.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. Paré, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Bélanger, N. J. Doran“Compensating for dispersion and nonlinear Kerr effect without phase conjugation,”Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Wang, C. A.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wigley, P. G. J.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. C.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. J. LaGasse, K. K. Anderson, C. A. Wang, H. A. Haus, J. G. FujimotoAppl. Phys. Lett. 56, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, P. G. J. Wigley, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. IronsideAppl. Phys. Lett. 61, 147 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van StrylandIEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

S. AdachiJ. Appl. Phys. 66, 6030 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Froehly, A. BarthelemyOpt. Commun. 62, 374 (1987).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Afanasjev, J. S. Aitchison, Y. KivsharOpt. Commun. 116, 331 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. M. Weiner, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, J. P. Heritage, D. E. Leaird, E. M. Kirschner, R. J. HawkinsPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2445 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. GordonPhys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Paré, A. Villeneuve, P. A. Bélanger, N. J. Doran“Compensating for dispersion and nonlinear Kerr effect without phase conjugation,”Opt. Lett. (to be published).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Calculated and (b) experimental output power (solid curves) and autocorrelation (dashed curves) widths as a function of average input power. The waveguide length is 5.3 mm, the wavelength is 828 nm, and the input pulse width is 87 fs (135-fs autocorrelation time).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Calculated autocorrelation pulse envelopes for 20 W (solid curves), 160 W (short-dashed curve), and 220 W (long-dashed curve). (b) Experimental autocorrelations of the output signal at low (solid curve) and high (dashed curve) input power. The waveguide length is 1.8 mm, the wavelength is 813 nm, and the input pulse width is 78 fs (120-fs autocorrelation time).

Equations (1)

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E z = i β 2 2 2 E t 2 + ( i n 2 k 0 α 2 2 ) | E | 2 A e f f E α 0 2 E ,

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