Abstract

Optical third-harmonic generation (THG) is dipole allowed. I report a 103 signal enhancement of THG that is due to the excitation of a surface plasmon in thin silver films by an attenuated-total-internal-reflection geometry. Because the THG signal depends on the cube of the incident intensity and the second-harmonic generation depends on the square of the intensity, the THG overtakes the second-harmonic generation at laser intensities beyond 6 × 1011 W/cm2.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, J. G. WatsonPhys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1531 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. G. Rako, J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 30, 5552 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonJ. Appl. Phys. 56,2589 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. K. Chen, A. R. B. de Castro, Y. R. ShenOpt. Lett. 4, 393 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. R. ShenNature (London) 337, 519 (1989);H. W. Tom, T. F. Heizn, Y. R. ShenPhys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1983 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. KretchmannZ. Phys. 241, 313 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. TsangAppl. Opt. 33, 7720 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. D. Paliked., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), Vol. I.
  11. J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 31, 4900 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. HincelinPhys. Rev. B 24, 787 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Tsang, T. Srinivasan-Rao, J. FischerPhys. Rev. 43, 8870 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. TsangPhys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

T. TsangPhys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1991 (1)

T. Tsang, T. Srinivasan-Rao, J. FischerPhys. Rev. 43, 8870 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Y. R. ShenNature (London) 337, 519 (1989);H. W. Tom, T. F. Heizn, Y. R. ShenPhys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1983 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 31, 4900 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

J. G. Rako, J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 30, 5552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonJ. Appl. Phys. 56,2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

G. HincelinPhys. Rev. B 24, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1974 (1)

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, J. G. WatsonPhys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1531 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

E. KretchmannZ. Phys. 241, 313 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Barr, J. R. M.

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, F.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. K.

Coffey, I.

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Castro, A. R. B.

Fischer, J.

T. Tsang, T. Srinivasan-Rao, J. FischerPhys. Rev. 43, 8870 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hincelin, G.

G. HincelinPhys. Rev. B 24, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, C. J.

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kretchmann, E.

E. KretchmannZ. Phys. 241, 313 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, D. E.

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, J. G. WatsonPhys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1531 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Quail, J. C.

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 31, 4900 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rako, J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 30, 5552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonJ. Appl. Phys. 56,2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Rako, J. G.

J. G. Rako, J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 30, 5552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ross, N.

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. ShenNature (London) 337, 519 (1989);H. W. Tom, T. F. Heizn, Y. R. ShenPhys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1983 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Chen, A. R. B. de Castro, Y. R. ShenOpt. Lett. 4, 393 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sherman, N. K.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simon, H. J.

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 31, 4900 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonJ. Appl. Phys. 56,2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rako, J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 30, 5552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, J. G. WatsonPhys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1531 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan-Rao, T.

T. Tsang, T. Srinivasan-Rao, J. FischerPhys. Rev. 43, 8870 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toner, W. T.

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T.

T. TsangPhys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. TsangAppl. Opt. 33, 7720 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tsang, T. Srinivasan-Rao, J. FischerPhys. Rev. 43, 8870 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Watson, J. G.

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, J. G. WatsonPhys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1531 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonJ. Appl. Phys. 56,2589 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

N. Ross, W. T. Toner, C. J. Hooker, J. R. M. Barr, I. CoffeyJ. Mod. Opt. 37, 555 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. R. ShenNature (London) 337, 519 (1989);H. W. Tom, T. F. Heizn, Y. R. ShenPhys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1983 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

T. Tsang, T. Srinivasan-Rao, J. FischerPhys. Rev. 43, 8870 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. TsangPhys. Rev. A 52, 4116 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 31, 4900 (1985).
[CrossRef]

G. HincelinPhys. Rev. B 24, 787 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rako, J. C. Quail, H. J. SimonPhys. Rev. B 30, 5552 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, J. G. WatsonPhys. Rev. Lett. 33, 1531 (1974).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, T. Srinivasan-RaoPhys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Phys. (1)

E. KretchmannZ. Phys. 241, 313 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. D. Paliked., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1985), Vol. I.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement of high-order harmonic generation by (a) SP resonance of a silver film in the ATR geometry and (b) nonresonance excitation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a), (b) Measured (solid curves) and calculated (dashed curves) ATR spectra with a p-polarized unfocused and an unfocused femtosecond laser beam. (c), (d) Corresponding SHG and THG spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power dependence of SHG and THG with and without SP excitation.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R 123 ( ω ) = r 12 + r 23 exp ( 2 k 2 d 2 ) 1 + r 12 r 23 exp ( 2 k 2 d 2 ) ,
T 123 ( ω ) = t 12 t 23 exp ( k 2 d 2 ) 1 + r 12 r 23 exp ( 2 k 2 d 2 ) ,
E ( 2 ω ) T 123 2 ( ω ) R 321 ( 2 ω ) E 0 2 ( ω ) ,
E ( 3 ω ) T 123 3 ( ω ) R 321 ( 3 ω ) E 0 3 ( ω ) ,
E sp ( ω ) = t 12 ( 1 + r 23 ) exp ( k 2 d 2 ) 1 + r 12 r 23 exp ( 2 k 2 d 2 ) E 0 ( ω ) ,
E sp ( ω ) = t 32 [ 1 + r 21 exp ( 2 k 2 d 2 ) ] 1 + r 32 r 21 exp ( 2 k 2 d 2 ) E 0 ( ω ) .
signal enhancement = | E sp ( ω ) E sp ( ω ) | 2 n .

Metrics