Abstract

We present an experimental study of a picosecond fiber soliton laser in which mode locking is achieved by the combined action of a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorber and a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror. In this configuration the multiple-quantum-well sample acts not only as a saturable absorber but also as a passive phase modulator, while the inclusion of a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror fixes the energy of the generated pulses. The laser stably operates at a repetition rate of 250 MHz with a timing jitter below 10 ps.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Guy, D. U. Noske, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 18, 1447 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1228 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. E. Ehrlich, D. T. Neilson, A. C. Walker, Opt. Commun. 102, 473 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Bondeson, M. Lisak, D. Anderson, Phys. Scr. 20, 479 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1993 (6)

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1228 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Ehrlich, D. T. Neilson, A. C. Walker, Opt. Commun. 102, 473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Guy, D. U. Noske, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 18, 1447 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. Bondeson, M. Lisak, D. Anderson, Phys. Scr. 20, 479 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D.

A. Bondeson, M. Lisak, D. Anderson, Phys. Scr. 20, 479 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, D.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bondeson, A.

A. Bondeson, M. Lisak, D. Anderson, Phys. Scr. 20, 479 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. C.

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1228 (1993).
[CrossRef]

De Souza, E. A.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, J. E.

J. E. Ehrlich, D. T. Neilson, A. C. Walker, Opt. Commun. 102, 473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

Grudinin, A. B.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guy, M. J.

Hansen, P. B.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1228 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hopkinson, M.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hugi, J.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1228 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lisak, M.

A. Bondeson, M. Lisak, D. Anderson, Phys. Scr. 20, 479 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Neilson, D. T.

J. E. Ehrlich, D. T. Neilson, A. C. Walker, Opt. Commun. 102, 473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Noske, D. U.

Payne, D. N.

S. Gray, A. B. Grudinin, W. H. Loh, D. N. Payne, Opt. Lett. 20, 189 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rivers, A.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Soccolich, C. E.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Walker, A. C.

J. E. Ehrlich, D. T. Neilson, A. C. Walker, Opt. Commun. 102, 473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, Appl. Phys. B 39, 201 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

E. A. De Souza, C. E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R. H. Stolen, J. R. Simpson, D. J. Digiovanni, Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Zirngibl, L. W. Stulz, J. Stone, J. Hugi, D. DiGiovanni, P. B. Hansen, Electron. Lett. 27, 1734 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, D. N. Payne, Electron. Lett. 29, 1860 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. C. Chen, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1228 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, D. N. Payne, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. E. Ehrlich, D. T. Neilson, A. C. Walker, Opt. Commun. 102, 473 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Scr. (1)

A. Bondeson, M. Lisak, D. Anderson, Phys. Scr. 20, 479 (1979).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration: WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pulse spectrum and (b) rf spectrum of the laser output intensity (resolution 30 kHz).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Illustration of the MQW refractive-index changes using the simple model of Eq. (3) (solid curves) and the sinusoidal approximation defined by Eq. (4) (dotted curves) for T/τ = 1 (curves marked a) and T/τ = 2.5 (curves marked b).

Equations (5)

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n ( t ) = n Δ n exp ( t / τ ) ,
Δ ω = z ω 0 c d n d t = z ω 0 c Δ n τ exp ( t / τ ) ,
n ( t ) = n 0 Δ n m = 1 exp [ ( t m T ) / τ ] θ ( t m T ) ,
n ( t ) = n 0 Δ n 0 exp ( T / τ ) 2 [ 3 cos ( 2 π t T ) ] = n 0 + Δ n eff cos ( 2 π t T ) ,
σ l 2 = ( G 2 1 ) T 2 Ω f 2 8 N 0 k z Δ n 0 π exp ( T / τ ) ,

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