Abstract

Efficient high-power (900-mW) TEM00 cw operation of a Cr:LiSrGaF laser pumped by a Kr+ laser is demonstrated. The results of laser and spectroscopic analysis, including upconversion and excited-state absorption, are presented and used for the optimization of this laser. Kr+-laser-pumped mode-locked femtosecond operation (64 fs) was performed. Use of a modified resonator, which can decrease the threshold pump and intracavity power for Kerr-lens mode locking and increase the mode-locked output power (300 mW), is suggested. The influence of crystal axis misalignment on the tuning and mode-locking characteristics of the laser is studied.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1967 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1993 (2)

C. Radzewicz, G. W. Pearson, J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 102, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (4)

1991 (1)

1989 (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adair, R.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

Brovelli, L. R.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2, p. 252.

Cassanho, A.

V. P. Yanovsky, F. W. Wise, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, Opt. Lett. 20, 1304 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, A. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 2.

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 246.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThN3, p. 369.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

Chai, B. H. T.

Chase, L. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Delfeytt, P. J.

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dymott, M. J. P.

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1, p. 251.

Evans, J. M.

Ferguson, A. I.

G. P. A. Malcolm, A. I. Ferguson, Opt. Lett. 16, 1967 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1, p. 251.

Florez, L. T.

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

French, P. M. W.

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. H. Rizvi, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 17, 1605 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jenssen, H. P.

V. P. Yanovsky, F. W. Wise, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, Opt. Lett. 20, 1304 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 246.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThN3, p. 369.

A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, A. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 2.

Kamp, M.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2, p. 252.

Keller, U.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2, p. 252.

Kopf, D.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2, p. 252.

Krasinski, J. S.

C. Radzewicz, G. W. Pearson, J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 102, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Lefaucheur, J.

LiKamWa, P.

Malcolm, G. P. A.

Mellish, R.

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A.

Newkirk, H. W.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 246.

Noginov, M. W.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

Payne, S. A.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, G. W.

C. Radzewicz, G. W. Pearson, J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 102, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Radzewicz, C.

C. Radzewicz, G. W. Pearson, J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 102, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rapoport, W. R.

W. R. Rapoport, M. L. Shand, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 376.

Rizvi, N. H.

Shand, M. L.

W. R. Rapoport, M. L. Shand, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 376.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, A. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 2.

Sibbett, W.

Smith, L. K.

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThN3, p. 369.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThN3, p. 369.

Spence, D. E.

Stalder, M.

Taylor, J. R.

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

N. H. Rizvi, P. M. W. French, J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 17, 1605 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Umyskov, A.

A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, A. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 2.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Weingarten, K. J.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2, p. 252.

Wintner, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThN3, p. 369.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

Wise, F. W.

Yanovsky, V. P.

Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, H. W. Newkirk, Appl. Phys. 66, 1051 (1989).

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. M. W. French, R. Mellish, J. R. Taylor, P. J. Delfeytt, L. T. Florez, Electron. Lett. 29, 1262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, H. W. Newkirk, L. K. Smith, W. F. Krupke, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 2243 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Smith, S. A. Payne, W. L. Kway, L. L. Chase, B. H. T. Chai, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2612 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Radzewicz, G. W. Pearson, J. S. Krasinski, Opt. Commun. 102, 464 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, S. A. Payne, Phys. Rev. B 39, 3337 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

M. J. P. Dymott, A. I. Ferguson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM1, p. 251.

D. Kopf, K. J. Weingarten, L. R. Brovelli, M. Kamp, U. Keller, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CWM2, p. 252.

A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, A. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), p. 2.

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, A. Cassanho, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 246.

W. R. Rapoport, M. L. Shand, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), p. 376.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), paper CThN3, p. 369.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Wintner, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, M. W. Noginov, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Socity of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 146.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output power of the Cr:LiSGaF laser (λ = 842 nm) versus absorbed pump power at 647 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized tuning curves of a Cr:LiSGaF laser. Tuning bandwidth exceeded 120 nm and was limited by the optics used.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation trace of a mode-locked Cr:LiSGaF laser. The inset shows the output spectrum. SHG, Second-harmonic generation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Modified schematic of a KLM Cr:LiSGaF laser.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

0 = d n d t = P p σ A ( N 0 n ) 2 P l σ n n τ α n 2 ,
n th = ( T + L ) / 2 l ( σ σ ESA las ) ,
I th = h v p V ( 1 τ + α n th ) [ 1 + σ ESA p n th σ A ( N 0 n th ) ] n th ,
η sl = λ P λ las T T + L ( 1 σ ESA las σ ) ( 1 σ ESA las n th σ A N 0 ) .

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