Abstract

A novel spectroscopic technique for the observation of the temporal development of small spatial structures of temperature and major-species mole fractions in turbulent flames has been developed. It uses two independent lasers and linewise, single-pulse detection systems for Raman–Rayleigh-scattered light. With this technique, all major-species concentrations, temperature, and positions of vortices and flame fronts, combined with scalar dissipation in two directions or heat release, can be measured, for the first time to our knowledge, as a result of one pair of laser pulses separated either in space or time. This yields, to our knowledge, the highest number of correlated quantities that have been obtained in probing turbulent flames of simple chemistry.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Masri, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 91, 285 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. D. Carter, R. S. Barlow, Opt. Lett. 19, 299 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. W. Meier, S. Prucker, W. Stricker, Third International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion: Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics (Begell House, New York, 1993), pp. 40–52.
  5. T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. P. Hassel, Appl. Opt. 32, 4058 (1993).
    [PubMed]
  7. S. P. Nandula, T. M. Brown, R. W. Pitz, P. A. DeBarber, Opt. Lett. 19, 414 (1994).
    [PubMed]
  8. S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Appl. Phys. B 61, 533 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Contribution to the analysis of temporal and spatial structures near the lift-off region of a turbulent hydrogen diffusion flame,”, in Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., to be published).
  11. G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Atakan, V. Jörres, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1706 (1993).
  13. P. Magre, R. W. Dibble, Combust. Flame 73, 195 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Simultaneous single-pulse concentration and temperature measurement along adjacent lines for the structural analysis of a turbulent H2/air diffusion flame,” Combust. Flame (to be published).
  15. T. Poinsot, S. Candel, A. Trouvé, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 21, 531 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (2)

T. Poinsot, S. Candel, A. Trouvé, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 21, 531 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Appl. Phys. B 61, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

C. D. Carter, R. S. Barlow, Opt. Lett. 19, 299 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Nandula, T. M. Brown, R. W. Pitz, P. A. DeBarber, Opt. Lett. 19, 414 (1994).
[PubMed]

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

E. P. Hassel, Appl. Opt. 32, 4058 (1993).
[PubMed]

B. Atakan, V. Jörres, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1706 (1993).

1992 (1)

A. Masri, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 91, 285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

P. Magre, R. W. Dibble, Combust. Flame 73, 195 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Andresen, P.

G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Appl. Phys. B 61, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Simultaneous single-pulse concentration and temperature measurement along adjacent lines for the structural analysis of a turbulent H2/air diffusion flame,” Combust. Flame (to be published).

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Contribution to the analysis of temporal and spatial structures near the lift-off region of a turbulent hydrogen diffusion flame,”, in Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., to be published).

Atakan, B.

B. Atakan, V. Jörres, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1706 (1993).

Barlow, R. S.

C. D. Carter, R. S. Barlow, Opt. Lett. 19, 299 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Masri, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 91, 285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bilger, R. W.

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brockhinke, A.

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Appl. Phys. B 61, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Simultaneous single-pulse concentration and temperature measurement along adjacent lines for the structural analysis of a turbulent H2/air diffusion flame,” Combust. Flame (to be published).

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Contribution to the analysis of temporal and spatial structures near the lift-off region of a turbulent hydrogen diffusion flame,”, in Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., to be published).

Brown, T. M.

Candel, S.

T. Poinsot, S. Candel, A. Trouvé, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 21, 531 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carter, C. D.

Cheng, T. S.

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

DeBarber, P. A.

Dibble, R. W.

A. Masri, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 91, 285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Magre, R. W. Dibble, Combust. Flame 73, 195 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Frank, J. H.

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grünefeld, G.

G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hassel, E. P.

Jarrett, O.

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jörres, V.

B. Atakan, V. Jörres, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1706 (1993).

Kohse-Höinghaus, K.

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Appl. Phys. B 61, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. Atakan, V. Jörres, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1706 (1993).

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Simultaneous single-pulse concentration and temperature measurement along adjacent lines for the structural analysis of a turbulent H2/air diffusion flame,” Combust. Flame (to be published).

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Contribution to the analysis of temporal and spatial structures near the lift-off region of a turbulent hydrogen diffusion flame,”, in Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., to be published).

Long, M. B.

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lyons, K. M.

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Magre, P.

P. Magre, R. W. Dibble, Combust. Flame 73, 195 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Masri, A.

A. Masri, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 91, 285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meier, W.

W. Meier, S. Prucker, W. Stricker, Third International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion: Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics (Begell House, New York, 1993), pp. 40–52.

Nandula, S. P.

Northam, G. B.

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pitz, R. W.

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Nandula, T. M. Brown, R. W. Pitz, P. A. DeBarber, Opt. Lett. 19, 414 (1994).
[PubMed]

Poinsot, T.

T. Poinsot, S. Candel, A. Trouvé, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 21, 531 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prucker, S.

W. Meier, S. Prucker, W. Stricker, Third International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion: Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics (Begell House, New York, 1993), pp. 40–52.

Rothe, E. W.

G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schlüter, H.

G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stårner, S. H.

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stricker, W.

W. Meier, S. Prucker, W. Stricker, Third International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion: Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics (Begell House, New York, 1993), pp. 40–52.

Trouvé, A.

T. Poinsot, S. Candel, A. Trouvé, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 21, 531 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wehrmeyer, J. A.

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Grünefeld, H. Schlüter, P. Andresen, E. W. Rothe, Appl. Phys. B 62, 241 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Appl. Phys. B 61, 533 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. (1)

B. Atakan, V. Jörres, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 97, 1706 (1993).

Combust. Flame (5)

P. Magre, R. W. Dibble, Combust. Flame 73, 195 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, K. M. Lyons, J. H. Frank, M. B. Long, Combust. Flame 99, 347 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Stårner, R. W. Bilger, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 83, 63 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Masri, R. W. Dibble, R. S. Barlow, Combust. Flame 91, 285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. S. Cheng, J. A. Wehrmeyer, R. W. Pitz, O. Jarrett, G. B. Northam, Combust. Flame 99, 157 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

T. Poinsot, S. Candel, A. Trouvé, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 21, 531 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Contribution to the analysis of temporal and spatial structures near the lift-off region of a turbulent hydrogen diffusion flame,”, in Twenty-Sixth Symposium (International) on Combustion (Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa., to be published).

A. Brockhinke, P. Andresen, K. Kohse-Höinghaus, “Simultaneous single-pulse concentration and temperature measurement along adjacent lines for the structural analysis of a turbulent H2/air diffusion flame,” Combust. Flame (to be published).

W. Meier, S. Prucker, W. Stricker, Third International Symposium on Special Topics in Chemical Propulsion: Non-Intrusive Combustion Diagnostics (Begell House, New York, 1993), pp. 40–52.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: The laser laser beam propagates in the z direction perpendicular to the plane of the schematic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-pulse major-species mole fraction (χ × 1000) and temperature profiles along a 7.5-mm laser line in a turbulent H2 –air diffusion flame at x/D = 9.5 at (a) t0 and (b) t0 + 20 μs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal development of the mean H2O correlation coefficients for high radial distances (at x/D = 9.5, radial distance 3.5 mm < r < 6.0 mm).

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