Abstract

The silica gel–methyl methacrylate organically modified ceramic is proposed for recording of volume holograms. Both low-spatial-frequency (54 line pairs/mm−1) and high-spatial-frequency (1400 line pairs/mm−1) holographic gratings were successfully recorded in the medium by interference of two coherent beams of 351.1-nm wavelength. High diffraction efficiencies (93%) and extremely low absorption and scattering coefficients were measured during the holographic reconstruction by a 632.8-nm He–Ne beam. The optimum UV recording exposure was ~3 J cm−2. A grating refractive-index modulation amplitude of 1.1 × 10−4 was achieved. Virtually no changes in diffraction efficiency were observed after thermal-heating, light-curing, and long-term-aging experiments.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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Errata

P. Cheben, A. Nuñez, F. del Monte, and D. Levy, "Holographic diffraction gratings recording in organically modified silica gels: erratum," Opt. Lett. 22, 193-193 (1997)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-22-3-193

References

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  1. C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, London, 1990), p. 839.
  2. N. J. Phillips, Proc. SPIE 1328, 80 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  6. L. A. Hornak, ed., Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics (Dekker, New York, 1992), pp. 151–153.
  7. D. Levy, L. Esquivias, Adv. Mater. 7, 120 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Cheben, M. L. Calvo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 131 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996

1995

D. Levy, L. Esquivias, Adv. Mater. 7, 120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

N. J. Phillips, Proc. SPIE 1328, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1969

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Brinker, C. J.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, London, 1990), p. 839.

Calvo, M. L.

Cheben, P.

Esquivias, L.

D. Levy, L. Esquivias, Adv. Mater. 7, 120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Krug, H.

P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Künstle, H.

P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Levy, D.

D. Levy, L. Esquivias, Adv. Mater. 7, 120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Menning, M.

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oliveira, P. W.

P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, N. J.

N. J. Phillips, Proc. SPIE 1328, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, G. W.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, London, 1990), p. 839.

Schmidt, H.

P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Straube, C. F.

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

D. Levy, L. Esquivias, Adv. Mater. 7, 120 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Proc. SPIE

N. J. Phillips, Proc. SPIE 1328, 80 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Menning, H. Krug, C. F. Straube, P. W. Oliveira, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 1758, 387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. W. Oliveira, H. Krug, H. Künstle, H. Schmidt, Proc. SPIE 2288, 554 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other

L. A. Hornak, ed., Polymers for Lightwave and Integrated Optics (Dekker, New York, 1992), pp. 151–153.

C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-Gel Science (Academic, London, 1990), p. 839.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diffraction efficiency of the gratings recorded in silica gel/MMA ORMOCER’s: a, PAr+ = 4.84 mW cm−2, EHeNe = 1.5 J cm−2, 54 line pairs/mm−1; b, PAr+ = 5.6 mW cm−2, EHeNe = 650 mJ cm−2, 54 line pairs/mm−1; c, PAr+ = 1.24 mW cm−2, EHeNe = 5.5 J cm−2, 54 line pairs/mm−1; d, PAr+ = 0.75 mW cm−2, EHeNe = 1 J cm−2, 1400 line pairs/mm−1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the silica-gel/MMA ORMOCER’s. a, PAr+ = 4.8 mW cm−2, EAr+ = 3.2 J cm−2; b, PHeNe = 2.8 mW cm−2, EHeNe = 240 mJ cm−2; c, PAr+ = 4.8 mW cm−2, EAr+ = 3.2 J cm−2, PHeNe = 2.8 mW cm−2, EHeNe = 1.8 J cm−2; d, unexposed sample.

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