Abstract

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) from a self-affine surface is shown to be very large. A theory is developed expressing this SERS in terms of the eigenmodes of a self-affine surface; the theory successfully explains the observed SERS from cold-deposited thin films that are known to have a self-affine structure. Spatial distributions of local fields at the fundamental and Stokes frequencies are strongly inhomogeneous and contain hot zones (high-field areas) localized in nanometer-sized regions that can be spatially separated for the two waves.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds., Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (Plenum, New York, 1982).
  2. R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A.-L. Barabasi, H. E. Stanley, Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).
  4. V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, J. Mercer, E. B. Stechel, “Optical properties of self-affine thin films,” Phys. Rev. B (in press).
  5. E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. M. Kim, J. M. Kosterlitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2289 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. M. Purcell, C. R. Pennypacker, Astrophys. J. 186, 705 (1993); B. T. Draine, Astrophys. J. 333, 848 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 62 (1996); V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2437 (1996); M. I. Stockman, V. M. Shalaev, M. Moskovits, R. Botet, T. F. George, Phys. Rev. B 46, 2821 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3470 (1972).

1996 (1)

V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 62 (1996); V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2437 (1996); M. I. Stockman, V. M. Shalaev, M. Moskovits, R. Botet, T. F. George, Phys. Rev. B 46, 2821 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

E. M. Purcell, C. R. Pennypacker, Astrophys. J. 186, 705 (1993); B. T. Draine, Astrophys. J. 333, 848 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

J. M. Kim, J. M. Kosterlitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2289 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3470 (1972).

Barabasi, A.-L.

A.-L. Barabasi, H. E. Stanley, Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Botet, R.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, J. Mercer, E. B. Stechel, “Optical properties of self-affine thin films,” Phys. Rev. B (in press).

Chiarello, R.

R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3470 (1972).

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3470 (1972).

Kim, J. M.

J. M. Kim, J. M. Kosterlitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2289 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosterlitz, J. M.

J. M. Kim, J. M. Kosterlitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2289 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krim, J.

R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mercer, J.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, J. Mercer, E. B. Stechel, “Optical properties of self-affine thin films,” Phys. Rev. B (in press).

Panella, V.

R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pennypacker, C. R.

E. M. Purcell, C. R. Pennypacker, Astrophys. J. 186, 705 (1993); B. T. Draine, Astrophys. J. 333, 848 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, C. R. Pennypacker, Astrophys. J. 186, 705 (1993); B. T. Draine, Astrophys. J. 333, 848 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 62 (1996); V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2437 (1996); M. I. Stockman, V. M. Shalaev, M. Moskovits, R. Botet, T. F. George, Phys. Rev. B 46, 2821 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, J. Mercer, E. B. Stechel, “Optical properties of self-affine thin films,” Phys. Rev. B (in press).

Stanley, H. E.

A.-L. Barabasi, H. E. Stanley, Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).

Stechel, E. B.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, J. Mercer, E. B. Stechel, “Optical properties of self-affine thin films,” Phys. Rev. B (in press).

Thompson, C.

R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trautman, J. K.

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Astrophys. J. (1)

E. M. Purcell, C. R. Pennypacker, Astrophys. J. 186, 705 (1993); B. T. Draine, Astrophys. J. 333, 848 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

V. M. Shalaev, Phys. Rep. 272, 62 (1996); V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, R. L. Armstrong, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425 (1996); V. M. Shalaev, E. Y. Poliakov, V. A. Markel, Phys. Rev. B 53, 2437 (1996); M. I. Stockman, V. M. Shalaev, M. Moskovits, R. Botet, T. F. George, Phys. Rev. B 46, 2821 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson, R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3470 (1972).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. M. Kim, J. M. Kosterlitz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2289 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Chiarello, V. Panella, J. Krim, C. Thompson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3408 (1991); C. Douketis, Z. Wang, T. L. Haslett, M. Moskovits, Phys. Rev. B 51, 11022 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, Science 257, 189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

R. K. Chang, T. E. Furtak, eds., Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (Plenum, New York, 1982).

A.-L. Barabasi, H. E. Stanley, Fractal Concepts in Surface Growth (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995).

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, J. Mercer, E. B. Stechel, “Optical properties of self-affine thin films,” Phys. Rev. B (in press).

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