Abstract

We show that rocking filters can be fabricated in photosensitive elliptical-core fibers with 193-nm radiation from an excimer laser by the external point-by-point fabrication technique. We find that the writing efficiency at this wavelength is significantly larger than that at 240 nm. Furthermore, the growth dynamics of rocking filters fabricated with these two wavelengths are dissimilar, which may suggest different photosensitive mechanisms.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1996

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouellette, C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

1992

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1984

1983

1982

1979

R. Ulrich, A. Simon, J. Appl. Opt. 18, 2241 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

Ashkin, A.

Bilodeau, F.

Brooks, J. L.

de Sterke, C. M.

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouellette, C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, M.

D. C. Psaila, M. de Sterke, F. Ouellette, presented at the International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation, Denver, Colo., August 4–9, 1996.

Dziedzic, J. M.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hand, D. P.

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V. A.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

Hill, K. O.

J. Albert, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Kawachi, Opt. Lett. 19, 387 (1994).
[PubMed]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

J. Albert, B. Malo, F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, K. O. Hill, Y. Hibino, M. Kawachi, Opt. Lett. 19, 387 (1994).
[PubMed]

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kamal, A.

Kanellopoulos, S. E.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Malo, B.

Ouellette, F.

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouellette, C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Psaila, M. de Sterke, F. Ouellette, presented at the International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation, Denver, Colo., August 4–9, 1996.

Pleibel, W.

Psaila, D. C.

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouellette, C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Psaila, M. de Sterke, F. Ouellette, presented at the International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation, Denver, Colo., August 4–9, 1996.

Rashleigh, S. C.

Rogers, A. J.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

A. Kamal, P. St. J. Russell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1576 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Simon, A.

R. Ulrich, A. Simon, J. Appl. Opt. 18, 2241 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Ulrich, R.

R. Ulrich, A. Simon, J. Appl. Opt. 18, 2241 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Valente, L. C. G.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Youngquist, R. C.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 647 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Psaila, F. Ouellette, C. M. de Sterke, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 900 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. O. Hill, F. Bilodeau, B. Malo, D. C. Johnson, Electron. Lett. 27, 1548 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, Electron. Lett. 28, 1558 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Hand, Electron. Lett. 26, 1846 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. E. Kanellopoulos, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 806 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Opt.

R. Ulrich, A. Simon, J. Appl. Opt. 18, 2241 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Other

D. C. Psaila, M. de Sterke, F. Ouellette, presented at the International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation, Denver, Colo., August 4–9, 1996.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison of the rocking angle versus exposure for two rocking filters fabricated at 193 and 240 nm in an unhydrogenated elliptical-core fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Comparison of the growth of rocking filters with exposure between a fiber loaded with hydrogen at 10 MPa for 48 h at 100 °C and a rocking filter left unhydro-genated. Both rocking filters were written with 193-nm radiation. (b) The same hydrogenated fiber as in (a) at higher exposure levels.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the growth dynamics of a rocking filter fabricated in a hydrogen-loaded fiber at 240 nm with the growth curve in Fig. 2(b). Note that for the rocking filter fabricated at 240 nm the rocking angle passes through a minimum at 1.3 J/cm2, which we have shown to be attributed to a change of sign in the photoinduced birefringence.12

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