Abstract

A novel dual-control configuration of nonlinear loop mirrors is used for all-optical soliton synchronous regeneration. Simulations show substantial improvement in transmission in this device compared with single-control devices, owing to chirp-free modulation. The absence of chirp is confirmed experimentally through a spectral analysis of the dual-control modulator.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.
  3. E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Bigo, O. Audouin, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 31,2191(1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 875 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Jinno, Opt. Lett. 18, 726 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. The definition of the switching efficiency η = Pc/(2Pπ) also applies to Ref. 5, contrary to what was printed.

1996

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

S. Bigo, O. Audouin, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 31,2191(1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 875 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Aubin, G.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Audouin, O.

S. Bigo, O. Audouin, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 31,2191(1995).
[CrossRef]

Bigo, S.

S. Bigo, O. Audouin, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 31,2191(1995).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brindel, P.

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brun-Maunand, E.

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Carré, M.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Desurvire, E.

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Bigo, O. Audouin, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 31,2191(1995).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, F.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Ellis, A. D.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Henry, M.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Huet, F.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Jeanney, E.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, Opt. Lett. 18, 726 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 875 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kerdiles, J. F.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Krauz, P.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Leclerc, O.

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Malyon, D. J.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, T.

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 875 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Montalant, T.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Moulu, J.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ougazzaden, A.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Pirio, F.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Pitel, F.

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ramdane, A.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Smith, K.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, Y.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Souli, N.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Suzuki, K.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Thomine, J.-B.

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

Widdowson, T.

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

E. Brun-Maunand, P. Brindel, O. Leclerc, F. Pitel, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 32, 1022 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Widdowson, D. J. Malyon, A. D. Ellis, K. Smith, K. J. Blow, Electron. Lett. 30, 990 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Bigo, O. Audouin, E. Desurvire, Electron. Lett. 31,2191(1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yamada, H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, Electron. Lett. 27,1270 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Jinno, T. Matsumoto, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 875 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

N. Souli, F. Devaux, A. Ramdane, P. Krauz, A. Ougazzaden, F. Huet, G. Aubin, E. Jeanney, T. Montalant, J. Moulu, F. Pirio, J.-B. Thomine, F. Devaux, M. Carré, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, M. Henry, in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), Vol. 8 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 39.

The definition of the switching efficiency η = Pc/(2Pπ) also applies to Ref. 5, contrary to what was printed.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

All-optical regenerator including 1:2 clock recovery and dual-control NOLM modulation (bottom) and the synchronization principle (top).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity and phase transmittance of the NOLM driven by two 10-GHz sinusoidal controls of powers corresponding to switching efficiencies η = 0.5, 0.8, 1.0 for 20-Gbit/s signal modulation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Power spectra of dual-control NOLM output with estimated switching efficiencies of (a), (c) η = 0.65 and (b) 0.32. The controls are (a), (b) out of phase or (c) in phase.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Theoretical Q factor along the 10-Mm soliton link with regenerators based on pure intensity modulators (thick curves) and single-control (top) and dual-control (bottom) NOLM modulators of switching efficiency η = Pc/(2) (thin curves).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ϕ co A ( t ) = π P c A ( t ) / P π = π ( P c / P π ) [ 1 + sin ( π B t ) ] / 4 ,
ϕ co B ( t ) = π P c B ( t ) / P π = π ( P c / P π ) [ 1 sin ( π B t ) ] / 4
ϕ cnt A = π P c A ( t ) ¯ / P π = π P c / ( 4 P π ) ,
ϕ cnt B = π P c B ( t ) ¯ / P π = π P c / ( 4 P π ) .
T ( t ) = i exp { i [ ϕ co A ( t ) + ϕ co B ( t ) + ϕ cnt A + ϕ cnt B ] / 2 } × sin { [ ϕ co A ( t ) ϕ co B ( t ) ϕ cnt A + ϕ cnt B ] / 2 } ,
T ( t ) = e i ϕ sin [ π η sin ( π B t ) / 2 ] .

Metrics