Abstract

Tunable femtosecond vacuum-ultraviolet radiation in the range ωD = 102–124 nm has been generated by two-photon-resonant and near-resonant four-wave difference-frequency mixing (wD = pωI) in krypton and argon by use of intense 250-fs ArF laser pulses (ωp) and tunable femtosecond signal and idler pulses (ωI) generated by an optical parametric generator.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, O. Kittelmann, Opt. Lett. 19, 1538 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Hilber, A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 4, 1753 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).
  8. J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. R. Greenfield, M. R. Wasielewski, Opt. Lett. 20, 1394 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Petrov, F. Seifert, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, F. Noack, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7704 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Greenfield, M. R. Wasielewski, Opt. Lett. 20, 1394 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, O. Kittelmann, Opt. Lett. 19, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, F. Seifert, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, F. Noack, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (4)

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).

J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

G. Hilber, A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 4, 1753 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Freudenberg, Th.

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gnass, D. R.

J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).

Greenfield, S. R.

Hilber, G.

G. Hilber, A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 4, 1753 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kaschke, M.

J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).

Kittelmann, O.

Koopman, D. W.

R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lago, A.

G. Hilber, A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 4, 1753 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mahon, R

R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

McIlrath, T. J.

R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Meyerscough, V. P.

R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Misewich, J. A.

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Momma, C.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mossavi, K.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, O. Kittelmann, Opt. Lett. 19, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, F. Seifert, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, F. Noack, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, F. Seifert, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, F. Noack, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, O. Kittelmann, Opt. Lett. 19, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radloff, W.

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ringling, J.

Ritze, H.-H.

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rudd, J. V.

J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, O. Kittelmann, Opt. Lett. 19, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, F. Seifert, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, F. Noack, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, P. P.

J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

J. V. Rudd, G. Korn, J. Squier, G. Mourou, P. Bado, Opt. Lett. 18,2044 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stert, V.

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Walkup, R. E.

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

G. Hilber, A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 4, 1753 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Wasielewski, M. R.

Wellegehausen, B.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Weyers, K.

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Windolph, C.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett (1)

W. Radloff, Th. Freudenberg, H.-H. Ritze, V. Stert, K. Weyers, F. Noack, Chem. Phys. Lett 245, 400 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Meyerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

V. Petrov, F. Seifert, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, F. Noack, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 7704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. E. Walkup, J. A. Misewich, J. H. Glownia, P. P. Sorokin, J. Chem. Phys. 94, 3389 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

G. Hilber, A. Lago, R. Wallenstein, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 4, 1753 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

J. H. Glownia, D. R. Gnass, M. Kaschke, P. P. Sorokin, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1861, 176 (1993).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the experimental setup: BS, beam splitter; DC, dichroic mirror: SHG’s, second-harmonic generation; THG, third-harmonic generation; FHG, fourth-harmonic generation; OMA, optical multichannel analyzer; L’s, lenses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy Es (filled squares) and pulse duration τs (open circles) of the signal pulses of the parametric system as a function of its wavelength λs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative VUV energy values for the FWDFM (open squares, argon; filled squares, krypton) as a function of the generated VUV wavelengths. (The individual values are extracted from integration across the recorded spectra.) Inset: Selected number of spectra of the generated femtosecond tunable VUV radiation (102–124 nm) and spectra of the radiation at 129 and 155 nm generated by mixing ω p with fixed frequencies (2ω, 3ω). The optical multichannel amplifier system employed had a spectral resolution of 0.06 nm/channel.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized FWDFM signal (ω155 = 2ω193ω258) relative to the temporal delay between pump and injection pulses for argon (open circles, p = 80 mbars) and krypton (filled squares, p = 20 mbars). The tick marks represent measurement points, and the curves are included to guide the eyes of the reader. Note the break on the x axis to show the first part of the curve (−2 ps … 2 ps) with a higher resolution.

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