Abstract

We propose a novel all-optical true-time-delay regeneration technique that is well suited for control of phased-array antennas with time-delay beam steering. Using coherent transients, this versatile technique has the ability to regenerate a variable delay onto an optical waveform of arbitrary shape and high bandwidth. We performed simulations indicating that future research could extend the delay resolution to the subpicosecond regime. We also present proof-of-concept experimental results for a true-time-delay regenerator combined with signal processing.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 7, 77 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Kroll, P. Tidlund, Appl. Opt. 32, 7233 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1948 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. R. Billetter, Multifunction Array Radar (Artech, Dedham, Mass., 1989).
  8. E. Brookner, Sci. Am. 252, 76 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Wickman, L. Dozal, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, Proc. SPIE 2560, 148 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. N. Toughlian, H. Zmuda, C. A. Carter, Proc. SPIE 2155, 181 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Dolfi, F. Michel-Gabriel, S. Bann, J. P. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 16, 255 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X. A. Shen, R. Kachru, Opt. Lett. 20, 2508 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 21, 71 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. E. Moernered., Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  18. The technique described in K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Commun. 128, 136 (1996), can be used to maximize the duration of programming pulses.
    [CrossRef]
  19. N. Levanon, Radar Principles (Wiley, New York, 1988).

1996 (2)

The technique described in K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Commun. 128, 136 (1996), can be used to maximize the duration of programming pulses.
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 21, 71 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (5)

1994 (2)

E. N. Toughlian, H. Zmuda, C. A. Carter, Proc. SPIE 2155, 181 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbitt, J. A. Bell, Appl. Opt. 33, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

D. Dolfi, F. Michel-Gabriel, S. Bann, J. P. Huignard, Opt. Lett. 16, 255 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

E. Brookner, Sci. Am. 252, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Babbitt, W. R.

The technique described in K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Commun. 128, 136 (1996), can be used to maximize the duration of programming pulses.
[CrossRef]

K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 21, 71 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1948 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbitt, T. W. Mossberg, Opt. Lett. 20, 910 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Babbitt, J. A. Bell, Appl. Opt. 33, 1538 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y. S.

X. A. Shen, Y. S. Bai, R Kachru, Opt. Lett. 17, 1079 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bann, S.

Bell, J. A.

Bernstein, N.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Billetter, D. R.

D. R. Billetter, Multifunction Array Radar (Artech, Dedham, Mass., 1989).

Brock, J. C.

M. Wickman, L. Dozal, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, Proc. SPIE 2560, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brookner, E.

E. Brookner, Sci. Am. 252, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, N. W.

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Carter, C. A.

E. N. Toughlian, H. Zmuda, C. A. Carter, Proc. SPIE 2155, 181 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Dozal, L.

M. Wickman, L. Dozal, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, Proc. SPIE 2560, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Esman, R. D.

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Frankel, M. Y.

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

Kachru, R

Kachru, R.

Kroll, S.

Lee, J. J.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lembo, L. J.

M. Wickman, L. Dozal, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, Proc. SPIE 2560, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Levanon, N.

N. Levanon, Radar Principles (Wiley, New York, 1988).

Merkel, K. D.

K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 21, 71 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

The technique described in K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Commun. 128, 136 (1996), can be used to maximize the duration of programming pulses.
[CrossRef]

Michel-Gabriel, F.

Mossberg, T. W.

Newberg, I. L.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, W.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, X. A.

Tangonan, G. L.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tidlund, P.

Toughlian, E. N.

E. N. Toughlian, H. Zmuda, C. A. Carter, Proc. SPIE 2155, 181 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Walston, A. A.

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wickman, M.

M. Wickman, L. Dozal, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, Proc. SPIE 2560, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zmuda, H.

E. N. Toughlian, H. Zmuda, C. A. Carter, Proc. SPIE 2155, 181 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. S. Bai, W. R. Babbitt, N. W. Carlson, T. W. Mossberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 714 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 43, 2387 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

W. Ng, A. A. Walston, G. L. Tangonan, J. J. Lee, I. L. Newberg, N. Bernstein, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1124 (1991); A. P. Goutzoulis, D. K. Davies, J. M. Zomp, P. Hrycak, A. A. Johnson, Appl. Opt. 33, 8173 (1994 ); L. Xu, R. Taylor, S. R. Forrest, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1663 (1995 ); W. D. Jemison, P. R. Herczfield, IEEE Microwave Guided Wave Lett. 3, 72 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

The technique described in K. D. Merkel, W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Commun. 128, 136 (1996), can be used to maximize the duration of programming pulses.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Wickman, L. Dozal, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, Proc. SPIE 2560, 148 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Toughlian, H. Zmuda, C. A. Carter, Proc. SPIE 2155, 181 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am. (1)

E. Brookner, Sci. Am. 252, 76 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

D. R. Billetter, Multifunction Array Radar (Artech, Dedham, Mass., 1989).

N. Levanon, Radar Principles (Wiley, New York, 1988).

W. E. Moernered., Persistent Spectral Hole-Burning: Science and Applications, Vol. 44 of Topics in Current Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a CTDR: (a) Programming of delay τ21, using brief RP’s and the introduction of a TSW. (b) Emitted output is a delayed replica of the TSW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental data from the cross-correlation delay regenerator experiment.

Equations (1)

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E s ( t ) E 1 * ( ν ) E 2 ( ν ) E 3 ( ν ) exp [ i 2 π ν ( t τ 21 ) ] d ν ,

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