Abstract

Quasi-particles travel down a one-dimensional concentration gradient in a thin metallic film composed of regions of only gold and regions of gold–titanium–gold multilayers. We obtain an image depending on whether the quasi-particles encounter a multilayer.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Suárez, W. E. Bron, T. Juhasz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4536 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Pines, P. Nozières, The Theory of Quantum Liquids (Benjamin, New York, 1966).
  3. G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140 (1983); G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2144 (1986); J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837 (1984); H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, G. A. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212 (1987); R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680 (1987); M. van Exter, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 49 (1988); R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. B 45, 5079 (1992); A. Lörinz, Z. Bozóki, A. Miklós, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 941 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Tas, H. J. Maris, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15046 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. This figure first appeared in Ref. 1 and is reproduced here for the convenience of the reader.
  8. P. B. Allen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1460 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. L. McMillan, Phys. Rev. 167, 331 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. J. von Gutfeld, A. H. Nethercot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 142, 641 (1966).

1995 (1)

C. Suárez, W. E. Bron, T. Juhasz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4536 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

G. Tas, H. J. Maris, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15046 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

P. B. Allen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1460 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140 (1983); G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2144 (1986); J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837 (1984); H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, G. A. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212 (1987); R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680 (1987); M. van Exter, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 49 (1988); R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. B 45, 5079 (1992); A. Lörinz, Z. Bozóki, A. Miklós, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 941 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

W. L. McMillan, Phys. Rev. 167, 331 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

R. J. von Gutfeld, A. H. Nethercot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 142, 641 (1966).

Acioli, L.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Allen, P. B.

P. B. Allen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1460 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bron, W. E.

C. Suárez, W. E. Bron, T. Juhasz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4536 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eesley, G. L.

G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140 (1983); G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2144 (1986); J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837 (1984); H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, G. A. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212 (1987); R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680 (1987); M. van Exter, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 49 (1988); R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. B 45, 5079 (1992); A. Lörinz, Z. Bozóki, A. Miklós, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 941 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elsayed-Ali, H. E.

T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Juhasz, T.

C. Suárez, W. E. Bron, T. Juhasz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4536 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Maris, H. J.

G. Tas, H. J. Maris, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15046 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McMillan, W. L.

W. L. McMillan, Phys. Rev. 167, 331 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Nethercot, A. H.

R. J. von Gutfeld, A. H. Nethercot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 142, 641 (1966).

Nozières, P.

D. Pines, P. Nozières, The Theory of Quantum Liquids (Benjamin, New York, 1966).

Pines, D.

D. Pines, P. Nozières, The Theory of Quantum Liquids (Benjamin, New York, 1966).

Suárez, C.

C. Suárez, W. E. Bron, T. Juhasz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4536 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suárez, G.

T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. K.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tas, G.

G. Tas, H. J. Maris, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15046 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vallèe, F.

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

von Gutfeld, R. J.

R. J. von Gutfeld, A. H. Nethercot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 142, 641 (1966).

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. L. McMillan, Phys. Rev. 167, 331 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

C. K. Sun, F. Vallèe, L. Acioli, E. P. Ippen, J. G. Fujimoto, Phys. Rev. B 48, 12365 (1993); O. B. Wright, Phys. Rev. B 49, 9985 (1994); X. Y. Wang, D. M. Riffe, Y. S. Lee, M. C. Downer, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8016 (1994); C. A. Schuttenmaer, M. Aeschlimann, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, R. J. D. Miller, Phys. Rev. B 50, 8957 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Tas, H. J. Maris, Phys. Rev. B 49, 15046 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Juhasz, H. E. Elsayed-Ali, G. Suárez, W. E. Bron, Phys. Rev. B 48, 15488 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

C. Suárez, W. E. Bron, T. Juhasz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4536 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2140 (1983); G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. B 33, 2144 (1986); J. G. Fujimoto, J. M. Liu, E. P. Ippen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1837 (1984); H. E. Elsayed-Ali, T. B. Norris, M. A. Pessot, G. A. Mourou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1212 (1987); R. W. Schoenlein, W. Z. Lin, J. G. Fujimoto, G. L. Eesley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1680 (1987); M. van Exter, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 49 (1988); R. H. M. Groeneveld, R. Sprik, A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. B 45, 5079 (1992); A. Lörinz, Z. Bozóki, A. Miklós, J. Appl. Phys. 70, 941 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Allen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1460 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. von Gutfeld, A. H. Nethercot, Phys. Rev. Lett. 142, 641 (1966).

Other (2)

D. Pines, P. Nozières, The Theory of Quantum Liquids (Benjamin, New York, 1966).

This figure first appeared in Ref. 1 and is reproduced here for the convenience of the reader.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transient reflectivity ΔR/R in single-crystalline Au films as a function of the delay time and for various film thicknesses. Solid curves, theoretical prediction; open circles, experimental results. Inset: traversal time of signal onsets.7

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sketch of a Au–Ti–Au multilayer film

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Reflectivity signal as scanned across the interface between the pure-Au part of the sandwich and that containing a layer of Ti.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Layout of three-piece multilayer structures. The squares are ~1.0 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Image produced through quasi-particle transport. The dark areas represent regions of low transport and correspond to an Au–Ti–Au multilayer. The light areas represent regions of high transport and correspond to a Au layer only.

Equations (2)

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d n e ( E , t ) d t = [ d n e ( E , t ) d t ] qg + [ d n e ( E , t ) d t ] ee + [ d n e ( E , t ) d t ] ep ,
d n e ( z , t ) d t = v T Δ n e ( z , t ) Δ z .

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