Abstract

We demonstrated the use of a near-field probe to map the evanescent field of an optical standing wave in a fused-silica whispering-gallery mode microresonator. The periodicity of the observed standing wave allows us to estimate accurately the radial mode number of the whispering-gallery mode resonance that is being excited. We find that the use of a fiber half-coupler to excite these resonances in fused-silica microspheres results in only the lowest radial mode numbers’ being strongly excited, as predicted.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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1995 (3)

1994 (5)

1993 (2)

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiller, Appl. Opt. 32, 2181 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

1990 (2)

J. D. Eversole, H.-B. Lin, A. L. Huston, A. J. Campillo, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 2159 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989); M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, presented at the ICONOL Laser Optics 95, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[CrossRef]

Acker, W. P.

Arnold, S.

Baida, F.

D. Courjon, C. Bainier, F. Baida, Opt. Commun. 110, 7 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bainier, C.

D. Courjon, C. Bainier, F. Baida, Opt. Commun. 110, 7 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barber, P. W.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benner, R. E.

S. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated With Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

Bopp, M. A.

Braginsky, V. B.

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989); M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, presented at the ICONOL Laser Optics 95, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[CrossRef]

Brune, M.

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Campillo, A. J.

Chang, R. K.

Chen, G.

Collot, L.

Courjon, D.

D. Courjon, C. Bainier, F. Baida, Opt. Commun. 110, 7 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dubreuil, N.

Eversole, J. D.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989); M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, presented at the ICONOL Laser Optics 95, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[CrossRef]

Griffel, G.

Hare, J.

Haroche, S.

Hill, S.

S. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated With Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

Hill, S. C.

G. Chen, W. P. Acker, R. K. Chang, S. C. Hill, Opt. Lett. 16, 117 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huston, A. L.

Ilchenko, V. S.

M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989); M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, presented at the ICONOL Laser Optics 95, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

Knight, J. C.

Lai, H. M.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefèvre, V.

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

Leung, P. T.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leventhal, D.

Lin, H.-B.

Mabuchi, H.

Meixner, A. J.

Raimond, J. M.

Sandoghdar, V.

Schiller, S.

Serpengüzel, A.

Tarach, G.

Treussart, F.

Weiss, D. S.

Young, K.

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Europhys. Lett. (1)

L. Collot, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, M. Brune, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, Europhys. Lett. 23, 327 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Opt. Commun. 113, 133 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Courjon, C. Bainier, F. Baida, Opt. Commun. 110, 7 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, V. S. Ilchenko, Phys. Lett. A 137, 393 (1989); M. L. Gorodetsky, A. A. Savchenkov, V. S. Ilchenko, presented at the ICONOL Laser Optics 95, St. Petersburg, Russia.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. M. Lai, P. T. Leung, K. Young, P. W. Barber, S. C. Hill, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5187 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Hill, R. E. Benner, in Optical Effects Associated With Small Particles, P. W. Barber, R. K. Chang, eds. (World Scientific, Singapore, 1988), p. 3.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Portion of a signal recorded from a standing wave in a TE mode (upper trace) and the corresponding reference signal (lower trace) from the calibrating interferometer. (b) Fast Fourier transforms of the two signals used to estimate the spatial period of the WGM standing wave with an accuracy of approximately 1% from the known He–Ne laser wavelength (632.8 nm).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated values (points) for the ratio l/x for different values of n. The bars (on the heavy curve) represent a 5% variation in the size parameter. The measured values of l/x for the most strongly excited TE modes in the sphere under study are shown by two crosses with error bars of ±1%. These two modes can be associated with radial mode numbers 1 and 2.

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