Abstract

Laser operation at 2.8 μm in BaY2F8 with erbium concentrations of 7.5% and 20% is investigated under laser-diode pumping at 967 nm. Output powers as high as 250 mW and slope efficiencies as high as 24% are obtained. Results are comparable with those of Er3+:LiYF4 under the same pump conditions. Slope efficiencies above 30% are predicted for optimized erbium concentrations.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1143(1994).
    [PubMed]
  3. T. Jensen, A. Diening, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Tecnical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD29.
  4. K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].
  5. M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].
  6. S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, N. L. Moise, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4077 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, Opt. Lett. 17, 816 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
  9. H. Chou, H. P. Jenssen, in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceeding Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), pp. 167–174.
  10. D. S. Knowles, H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1197 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 366.
  12. B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, in Proceedings of 1992 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), paper SSLT2.5.
  13. K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, H. P. Jenssen, in Advanced Solid State LasersL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.
  14. M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).
  15. V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, V. Florea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 426 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Gross, D. G. Matthews, G. Huber, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 338–339.
  18. M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6128 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

1995

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1143(1994).
[PubMed]

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, V. Florea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 426 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

R. C. Stoneman, L. Esterowitz, Opt. Lett. 17, 816 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Knowles, H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].

1986

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, N. L. Moise, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4077 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1983

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Bagdasarov, K. S.

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Balmer, J. E.

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bunea, G.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bunea, M.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D. B.

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, N. L. Moise, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4077 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.

H. Chou, H. P. Jenssen, in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceeding Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), pp. 167–174.

Diening, A.

T. Jensen, A. Diening, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Tecnical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD29.

Dinerman, B. J.

B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1143(1994).
[PubMed]

B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, in Proceedings of 1992 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), paper SSLT2.5.

Dinndorf, K. M.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, H. P. Jenssen, in Advanced Solid State LasersL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.

Esterowitz, L.

Florea, V.

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, V. Florea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 426 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Georgescu, S.

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, V. Florea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 426 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ghisler, Ch.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Gojer, M.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, H. P. Jenssen, in Advanced Solid State LasersL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.

Graf, Th.

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gross, R.

R. Gross, D. G. Matthews, G. Huber, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 338–339.

Güdel, H. U.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

Huber, G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 366.

R. Gross, D. G. Matthews, G. Huber, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 338–339.

T. Jensen, A. Diening, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Tecnical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD29.

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, A. Diening, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Tecnical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD29.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 366.

Jenssen, H. P.

D. S. Knowles, H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H. Chou, H. P. Jenssen, in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceeding Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), pp. 167–174.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, H. P. Jenssen, in Advanced Solid State LasersL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.

Knowles, D. S.

D. S. Knowles, H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, H. P. Jenssen, in Advanced Solid State LasersL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.

Krämer, K.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

Lobachev, V. A.

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, V. Florea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 426 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lüthy, W.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Matthews, D. G.

R. Gross, D. G. Matthews, G. Huber, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 338–339.

McFarlane, R. A.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

Moise, N. L.

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, N. L. Moise, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4077 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, Opt. Lett. 19, 1143(1994).
[PubMed]

B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, in Proceedings of 1992 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), paper SSLT2.5.

Murina, T. M.

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 366.

Pollack, S. A.

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, N. L. Moise, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4077 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Prokhorov, A. M.

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Semenkov, S. G.

M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].

Shcherbakov, I. A.

M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].

Smirnov, V. A.

M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].

Spring, R.

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Stoneman, R. C.

Weber, H. P.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Wittwer, S.

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Zhekov, V. I.

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

D. S. Knowles, H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1197 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, S. Georgescu, V. Florea, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 426 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 6128 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Pollack, D. B. Chang, N. L. Moise, J. Appl. Phys. 60, 4077 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow)

K. S. Bagdasarov, V. I. Zhekov, V. A. Lobachev, T. M. Murina, A. M. Prokhorov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 452 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 262 (1983)].

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosk.

M. A. Noginov, S. G. Semenkov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Opt. Spectrosk. 69, 120(1990) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 69, 74 (1990)].

Phys. Rev. A

M. Pollnau, Th. Graf, J. E. Balmer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Phys. Rev. A 49, 3990 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

R. Gross, D. G. Matthews, G. Huber, in International Conference on Quantum Electronics Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 338–339.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, B. H. T. Chai, S. A. Payne, eds., Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 366.

B. J. Dinerman, P. F. Moulton, in Proceedings of 1992 LEOS Annual Meeting (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1992), paper SSLT2.5.

K. M. Dinndorf, D. S. Knowles, M. Gojer, H. P. Jenssen, in Advanced Solid State LasersL. L. Chase, A. A. Pinto, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 270–274.

M. Pollnau, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, K. Krämer, H. U. Güdel, R. A. McFarlane, “Excited-state absorption in Er:BaY2F8 and Cs3Er2Br9 and comparison to Er:LiYF4,” Appl. Phys. A (to be published).

T. Jensen, A. Diening, G. Huber, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Tecnical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), paper CPD29.

M. Pollnau, R. Spring, Ch. Ghisler, S. Wittwer, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, “Efficiency of erbium 3-μm crystal and fiber lasers,” submitted to IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Chou, H. P. Jenssen, in Tunable Solid State Lasers, M. L. Shand, H. P. Jenssen, eds., Vol. 5 of OSA Proceeding Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1989), pp. 167–174.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Input–output curves for Er3+:BaY2F8 with dopant concentrations of 7.5% (squares) and 20% (triangles).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Concentration-dependent slope efficiencies of Er3+:BaY2F8 (squares) and Er3+:LiYF4 (circles) in the same experimental arrangement. Data for LiYF4 are taken from Ref. 3.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the Investigated BaY2F8 Crystals Under Diode Pumping at 967 nma

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