Abstract

We investigated the generation of high-order harmonics of a KrF excimer laser (80 mJ, 0.5 ps) in rare gases (He, Ne) and molecular gases (N2, O2). The highest-order harmonic, 7.1 nm, the 35th, was observed in He and Ne, and 8.6 nm, the 29th, in N2 and O2. Our experimental results suggest that the high-order harmonics are emitted from ionized atoms. The maximum photon energy of the high-order harmonics may be restricted by phase mismatching caused by free electrons.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 ( 1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 2212 (1989).
  9. S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. A. Lompré, A. L’Huillier, M. Ferry, P. Monot, G. Mainfray, C. Manus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 754 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (5)

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 2212 (1989).

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adachi, T.

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akiyama, Y.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augst, S.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiMauro, L. F.

K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferry, M.

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hata, K.

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 2212 (1989).

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krause, J. L.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kubodera, S.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

Lompré, L. A.

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mainfray, G.

Manus, C.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monot, P.

Nagata, Y.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nodomi, R.

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obara, M.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarukura, N.

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strickland, D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tashiro, H.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyoda, K.

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, M.

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, B.

K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

N. Sarukura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, M. Watanabe, S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kubodera, Y. Nagata, Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. A 48, 4576 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

K. J. Schafer, B. Young, L. F. DiMauro, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1599 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, K. C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 ( 1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, Ph. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 2212 (1989).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for high-order harmonic generation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time-integrated high-order harmonic spectrum observed in He.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

High-order harmonic intensity distributions of He, Ne, N2, and O2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated coherence length as a function of the harmonic wavelength for a KrF laser (248 nm) and a Ti:sapphire laser (800 nm).

Metrics