Abstract

Push–pull azobenzene compounds were synthesized by the diazocoupling reaction, and low-power phase conjugation of azobenzene-compound-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) films was studied with a He–Ne laser at 632.8 nm. It is shown that this kind of polymer has appreciable third-order optical nonlinearity, with a χ(3) of approximately 10−4 esu in the tail of absorption.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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References

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1994 (1)

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1992 (2)

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

M. Canva, G. L. Saux, P. George, A. Brun, Opt. Lett. 17, 219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

P. Chandrasekhar, J. R. G. Thorne, R. M. Hochstrasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, H. Rau, Macromolek. Chem. 192, 945 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Kramer, W. Tompokin, R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. A 34, 2026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

H. Fujiwara, K. Nakagawa, Opt. Commun. 55, 386 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. G. Caro, M. C. Gower, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1375 (1982).

1981 (1)

Y. Silberberg, I. Bar-Joseph, Opt. Commun. 39, 265 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (2)

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. Pepper, R. L. Abrams, Opt. Lett. 3, 212 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

Abrams, R. L.

Bar-Joseph, I.

Y. Silberberg, I. Bar-Joseph, Opt. Commun. 39, 265 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

M. Kramer, W. Tompokin, R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. A 34, 2026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brun, A.

M. Canva, G. L. Saux, P. George, A. Brun, Opt. Lett. 17, 219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buchel, M.

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Canva, M.

M. Canva, G. L. Saux, P. George, A. Brun, Opt. Lett. 17, 219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Caro, R. G.

R. G. Caro, M. C. Gower, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1375 (1982).

Chandrasekhar, P.

P. Chandrasekhar, J. R. G. Thorne, R. M. Hochstrasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Charra, F.

Fujiwara, H.

H. Fujiwara, K. Nakagawa, Opt. Commun. 55, 386 (1985).
[CrossRef]

George, P.

M. Canva, G. L. Saux, P. George, A. Brun, Opt. Lett. 17, 219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gower, M. C.

R. G. Caro, M. C. Gower, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1375 (1982).

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

P. Chandrasekhar, J. R. G. Thorne, R. M. Hochstrasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Idiart, E.

Kajzar, F.

Knoll, W.

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, M.

M. Kramer, W. Tompokin, R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. A 34, 2026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menzel, H.

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

H. Fujiwara, K. Nakagawa, Opt. Commun. 55, 386 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J. M.

Orendi, H.

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peixian, Ye

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

Pepper, D.

Philip, J.

J. Philip, T. A. Prasada Rao, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Prasada Rao, T. A.

J. Philip, T. A. Prasada Rao, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raimond, P.

Rau, H.

Y. Shen, H. Rau, Macromolek. Chem. 192, 945 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Saux, G. L.

M. Canva, G. L. Saux, P. George, A. Brun, Opt. Lett. 17, 219 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Selkat, Z.

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, H. Rau, Macromolek. Chem. 192, 945 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Silberberg, I. Bar-Joseph, Opt. Commun. 39, 265 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Thorne, J. R. G.

P. Chandrasekhar, J. R. G. Thorne, R. M. Hochstrasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tompokin, W.

M. Kramer, W. Tompokin, R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. A 34, 2026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Xingfa, Fu

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

Yaquan, Shen

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Zhanxing, Zhang

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

Zuho, Yu

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

Acta Opt. Sinica (1)

Shen Yaquan, Fu Xingfa, Ye Peixian, Yu Zuho, Zhang Zhanxing, Acta Opt. Sinica 12, 218 (1992) (in Chinese).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Chandrasekhar, J. R. G. Thorne, R. M. Hochstrasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1661 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Selkat, M. Buchel, H. Orendi, H. Menzel, W. Knoll, Chem. Phys. Lett. 220, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. G. Caro, M. C. Gower, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1375 (1982).

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Macromolek. Chem. (1)

Y. Shen, H. Rau, Macromolek. Chem. 192, 945 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Silberberg, I. Bar-Joseph, Opt. Commun. 39, 265 (1981).
[CrossRef]

H. Fujiwara, K. Nakagawa, Opt. Commun. 55, 386 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Philip, T. A. Prasada Rao, Opt. Quantum Electron. 25, 157 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Kramer, W. Tompokin, R. W. Boyd, Phys. Rev. A 34, 2026 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of the push–pull azobenzene compound. The molecular structure is also shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity log(R) as a function of the pump intensity log(I ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Decay of the phase-conjugate wave when the parallel polarization of forward pump and probe beams is turned off.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmittance at 632.8 nm of a sample between crossed polarizers as a function of time as the pump beam is switched on and then off (point b).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Third-Order Susceptibilities χ(3) at Different Polarization Configurations

Equations (1)

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χ ( 3 ) = 2 n 2 c 2 ɛ 0 3 ω L ( I 1 I 2 ) 1 / 2 R 1 / 2 .

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