Abstract

We describe the operation of a semiconductor laser amplifier as a nonlinear element, using a novel three-wavelength configuration, which enhances the recovery rate of the nonlinear refractive index and permits choice of its sign and magnitude. Simple rate-equation analysis suggests that 100-GHz operation should be possible with powers of ~1 W.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1119 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.
  5. S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper MoC1.5.
  6. A. D. Ellis, D. M. Spirit, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena, Vol. 15 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD2.
  7. D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. D. Westbrook, M. J. Adams, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part J 134, 209 (1987).
  9. G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, Electron. Lett. 29, 1167 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, Electron. Lett. 28, 1814 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Patrick, R. J. Manning, Electron. Lett. 30, 151 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. Patrick, R. J. Manning, Electron. Lett. 30, 151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, Electron. Lett. 29, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, Electron. Lett. 28, 1814 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1119 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

L. D. Westbrook, M. J. Adams, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part J 134, 209 (1987).

Adams, M. J.

L. D. Westbrook, M. J. Adams, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part J 134, 209 (1987).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Benoit, J.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Darwish, A. M.

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dougherty, D. J.

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Doussiere, P.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Durhuus, T.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Eiselt, M.

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, Electron. Lett. 29, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, D. M. Spirit, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena, Vol. 15 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD2.

Fernier, B.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Finlayson, N.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glesk, I.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grant, R. S.

R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1119 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hall, K. L.

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hultgren, C. T.

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hutchings, D. C.

D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Joergensen, C. G.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Kane, M.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper MoC1.5.

Koren, U.

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leclerc, D.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Lucek, J. K.

K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, Electron. Lett. 28, 1814 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

D. Patrick, R. J. Manning, Electron. Lett. 30, 151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Nielsen, T. N.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, D.

D. Patrick, R. J. Manning, Electron. Lett. 30, 151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pieper, W.

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, Electron. Lett. 29, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pruncal, P. R.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper MoC1.5.

Seaton, C. T.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1119 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, Electron. Lett. 28, 1814 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sokoloff, J. P.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Spirit, D. M.

A. D. Ellis, D. M. Spirit, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena, Vol. 15 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD2.

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stubkjaer, K.

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

Takara, H.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper MoC1.5.

Uchiyama, K.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper MoC1.5.

Van Stryland, E. W.

D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, Electron. Lett. 29, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, L. D.

L. D. Westbrook, M. J. Adams, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part J 134, 209 (1987).

Wright, E. M.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zanoni, R.

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1119 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, A. M. Darwish, E. P. Ippen, U. Koren, G. Raybon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1320 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, E. P. Ippen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, Electron. Lett. 29, 1167 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Smith, J. K. Lucek, Electron. Lett. 28, 1814 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Patrick, R. J. Manning, Electron. Lett. 30, 151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Pruncal, I. Glesk, M. Kane, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

G. I. Stegeman, E. M. Wright, N. Finlayson, R. Zanoni, C. T. Seaton, J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 953 (1988); V. Mizrahi, K. W. Delong, G. I. Stegeman, M. A. Saifi, M. J. Andrejco, Opt. Lett. 14, 1140 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. C. Hutchings, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Quantum Electron. 24, 1 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part J (1)

L. D. Westbrook, M. J. Adams, Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng. Part J 134, 209 (1987).

Other (3)

K. Stubkjaer, B. Mikkelsen, T. Durhuus, C. G. Joergensen, C. Joergensen, T. N. Nielsen, B. Fernier, P. Doussiere, D. Leclerc, J. Benoit, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper TuC5.1.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, K. Uchiyama, M. Saruwatari, in Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Optical Communication (Swiss Eurotechnical Association, Zurich, 1993), paper MoC1.5.

A. D. Ellis, D. M. Spirit, in Nonlinear Guided-Wave Phenomena, Vol. 15 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper PD2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Highly simplified energy diagram to illustrate the principle of operation of the device. λ1 is the holding-beam wavelength, λ2 is the clock stream wavelength, and λ3 is the signal stream wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase-shift dynamics for a device with the parameters in Table 1, from a 1-pJ rectangular switching pulse, 10 ps long (peak power 100 mW), occurring at t = 100 ps: (a) for holding powers of 0 and 10 mW, (b) for holding powers of 50 mW, 250 mW, and 1 W. Note the different phase-shift scales on the two graphics. In each case the effective recovery time constant is indicated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effects of the holding beam on the phase (or gain) in the presence of a data stream: (a) without the holding beam, (b) with the holding beam.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters Used in Device Modeling

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d n d t = I qAl n τ e Γ a 1 ( n n 01 ) P 1 A ћ ω 1 Γ a 2 ( n n 02 ) P 2 A ћ ω 2 ,
d n d t = n n eq τ e ( n n 01 ) P 1 E 1 sat ( n n 02 ) P 2 E 2 sat .
d n d t = n n ˜ eq τ ˜ e ( n n 02 ) P 2 E 2 sat ,
1 τ h = P 1 E 1 sat .
n ˜ eq = n eq τ h + n 01 τ e τ e + τ h = n eq + ( P 1 / P 1 sat ) n 01 1 + P 1 / P 1 sat ,
Δ n = n 02 n ˜ eq 1 + P ˜ 2 sat / P 2 ,
Δ ϕ = Γ ( n eh Δ nL ) λ 2 π .

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