Abstract

We report evidence for soliton formation in a Ti:sapphire-laser-pumped femtosecond optical parametric oscillator. Appropriate conditions of dispersion are discussed, and temporal and spectral measurements of the output pulses are presented. Quantitative agreement with existing theory is implied.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 13, 129 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, Opt. Lett. 12, 628 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1994

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

1987

1986

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1973

A Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Burn, A.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. H.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, D. C.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, A

A Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. C.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Roger, G.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. L.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

F. W. Wise, I. A. Walmsley, C. L. Tang, Opt. Lett. 13, 129 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tappert, F.

A Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Wachman, E. S.

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

Walmsley, I. A.

Wise, F. W.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A Hasegawa, F. Tappert, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 142 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Edelstein, E. S. Wachman, C. L. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

J. M. Dudley, D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 104, 419 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1095 (1980).
[CrossRef]

F. Salin, P. Grangier, G. Roger, A. Burn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1132 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of the pulse duration on the amount of intracavity glass introduced in the dispersion-compensated OPO. The upper axis indicates the equivalent cavity dispersion with the point of zero dispersion normalized to the maximum amount of intracavity glass that allowed the formation of transform-limited pulses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral data for the output of the dispersion-compensated OPO operated with positive cavity dispersion.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity autocorrelation profile of the output of the OPO at a wavelength of 1180 nm exhibiting the threefold splitting that is characteristic of a solitonic pulse. SHG, second-harmonic generation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscillogram showing intensity modulation of the output pulse sequence from the OPO.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectra of the OPO without an intracavity aperture [curve (a)] and with a long-wavelength-pass aperture [curve (b)].

Equations (2)

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Δ λ > 6 ( nm ps ) / Δ τ p ,
f 0 = 2 ϕ / 0.322 π Δ τ p 2 T .

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