Abstract

An ultrafast saturable absorber was demonstrated experimentally in AlGaAs, operated with a photon energy below half the band gap, near 1555 nm. Both the saturation intensity and the linear transmission can be independently designed in the structure. The device is based on spatial soliton emission from a tapered channel waveguide with a corresponding increase in transmission of 50%. The experimental data compare favorably with numerically simulated results.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 18, 1153 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. S. Aitchison, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, M. K. Oliver, J. L. Jackel, E. M. Vogel, P. W. E. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1290 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Barthelemy, S. Maneuf, C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 55, 201 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).
  7. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, Appl. Opt. 17, 3990 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.
  10. A. F. Milton, W. K. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 828 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Lett. 17, 710 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T.-T. Shi, S. Chi, Opt. Lett. 15, 1123 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

1993 (3)

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 18, 1153 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Lett. 17, 710 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

T.-T. Shi, S. Chi, Opt. Lett. 15, 1123 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).

1985 (1)

A. Barthelemy, S. Maneuf, C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 55, 201 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1977 (1)

A. F. Milton, W. K. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 828 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 18, 1153 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Lett. 17, 710 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, Y. Silberberg, A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, M. K. Oliver, J. L. Jackel, E. M. Vogel, P. W. E. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1290 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Al-hemyari, K.

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Barthelemy, A.

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).

A. Barthelemy, S. Maneuf, C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 55, 201 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

A. F. Milton, W. K. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 828 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

Deri, R. J.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Feit, M. D.

Fleck, J. A.

Florez, L. T.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Froehly, C.

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).

A. Barthelemy, S. Maneuf, C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 55, 201 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Grant, R. S.

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Harbison, J. P.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Jackel, J. L.

Kang, J. U.

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Koza, M.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Lin, C.-H.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.-H.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lo, Y. H.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maneuf, S.

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).

A. Barthelemy, S. Maneuf, C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 55, 201 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Milton, A. F.

A. F. Milton, W. K. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 828 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, M. K.

Seto, M.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Sheng, C.

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).

Shi, T.-T.

Sibbett, W.

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Smith, P. W. E.

Stegeman, G. I.

J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 18, 1153 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Lett. 17, 710 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Villeneuve, A.

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Aitchison, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, Opt. Lett. 18, 1153 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Lett. 17, 710 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

Vogel, E. M.

Weiner, A. M.

Yang, C. C.

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Yang, A. Villeneuve, G. I. Stegeman, J. S. Aitchison, Opt. Lett. 17, 710 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi-Yan, A.

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Villeneuve, C. C. Yang, G. I. Stegeman, C.-H. Lin, H.-H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2465 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Al-hemyari, A. Villeneuve, J. U. Kang, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, G. I. Stegeman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3562 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. S. Aitchison, K. Al-hemyari, C. N. Ironside, R. S. Grant, W. Sibbett, Electron. Lett. 28, 1879 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. F. Milton, W. K. Burns, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 828 (1977).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. J. Deri, R. Bhat, J. P. Harbison, M. Seto, A. Yi-Yan, L. T. Florez, M. Koza, Y. H. Lo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 116 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Barthelemy, S. Maneuf, C. Froehly, Opt. Commun. 55, 201 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

A. Barthelemy, C. Froehly, S. Maneuf, C. Sheng, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 813, 387 (1987).

Other (1)

J. U. Kang, A. Villeneuve, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. I. Stegeman, K. Al-hemyari, J. S. Aitchison, C. N. Ironside, “Limitation due to three-photon absorption on the useful spectral range for nonlinear optics in AlGaAs below half bandgap,” submitted toAppl. Phys. Lett.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of the ultrafast saturable absorber consisting of a 5-μm input waveguide, a 0.8-mm-long quasi-adiabatic taper, and a 3-mm open section where the field can diffract at low intensity (linear case) followed by a 1.6-mm capture waveguide. The final width of the taper and of the capture waveguide was 25 μm. The total length is 5.9 mm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Beam-propagation calculation of the field at (a) low intensity and (b) high intensity. The formation of a spatial soliton at high intensity leads to a high transmission into the capture waveguide. For clarity, the propagation into the capture waveguide was omitted.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output versus input intensity for the 3-mm open-section sample and the continuous waveguide: (a) experiment, (b) beam-propagation method calculation.

Equations (1)

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W = ( 2 α λ g z + W 0 2 ) 1 / 2 ,

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