Abstract

We report on extensive measurement, as a function of distance, of the timing jitter in sliding-frequency-filter-guided soliton transmission at 10 Gbits/s. The measured jitter is separated into a sliding-filter-damped, Gordon–Haus term, a similarly damped acoustic term, and a recently predicted contribution from scatter in pulse polarizations. Measured error-free (bit-error rate <10−10) distances at 10, 12.5, and 15 Gbits/s are 35, 30, and 25 Mm, respectively.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, S. G. Evangelides, Opt. Lett. 17, 1575 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 19, 375 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).
  5. J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, General Physics Institute, Moscow (personal communication, 1992).
  7. S. G. Evangelides, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper TuC1.
  8. Y. Kodama, S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 18, 1311 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

1993

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kodama, S. Wabnitz, Opt. Lett. 18, 1311 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

1991

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Evangelides, S. G.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, S. G. Evangelides, Opt. Lett. 17, 1575 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Evangelides, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper TuC1.

Gordon, J. P.

Harvey, G. T.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, Y.

Lichtman, E.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Luchnikov, A. V.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, General Physics Institute, Moscow (personal communication, 1992).

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, Opt. Lett. 19, 375 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, S. G. Evangelides, Opt. Lett. 17, 1575 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Neubelt, M. J.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, General Physics Institute, Moscow (personal communication, 1992).

Prokorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Wabnitz, S.

Electron. Lett.

L. F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M. J. Neubelt, G. T. Harvey, Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. P. Gordon, L. F. Mollenauer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 170 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Sov. Lightwave Commun.

E. M. Dianov, A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, A. M. Prokorov, Sov. Lightwave Commun. 1, 235 (1991).

Other

A. V. Luchnikov, A. N. Pilipetskii, General Physics Institute, Moscow (personal communication, 1992).

S. G. Evangelides, in Annual Meeting, Vol. 16 of 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), paper TuC1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme for the pulse-timing measurements. The main elements of the clock recovery are the detector, the high-Q, 10-GHz resonator, and the divide-by-4 chip. The wavelength-dependent couplers in the loop mirror (small rectangular boxes) each contain an interference filter that transmits at the signal wavelength (~ 1557 nm) and reflects the λ = 1534 nm switching pulses. BER, bit-error rate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

BER versus detuning of the loop mirror window time phase with respect to the expected pulse arrival time for fixed distances of 0, 5, 9.5, 15, 19.5, 22.5, and 24.5 Mm (from the outside curves to the inside curves) and for 10 Gbits/s with all pulses copolarized.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time–phase margin versus distance. Filled circles, 2.5 Gbits/s; squares, 10 Gbits/s, adjacent pulses orthogonally polarized; open circles, 10 Gbits/s, all pulses copolarized.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Standard deviation of jitter versus distance for (bottom to top) 2.5 Gbits/s, 10 Gbits/s with adjacent pulses orthogonally polarized, and 10 Gbits/s with adjacent pulses copolarized. Squares, experimental points extrapolated from the data of Fig. 3; solid curves, best fit to a theoretical curve of the form σ = (σ02 + σGH2 + σlin2)1/2; dotted curves, σGH; dashed lines, σlin.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured BER as a function of distance at 10 (filled squares), 12.5 (open squares), and 15 (open circles) Gbits/s. In all cases, adjacent pulses were orthogonally polarized, and the data stream was a repeated, 214-bit random word.

Equations (3)

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σ = ( σ 0 2 + σ GH 2 + σ lin 2 ) 1 / 2 ,
σ a = 140 A eff - 3 / 4 D 2 τ Z 2 2 ( R 1 - r - 9.33 A eff 1 / 2 ) 1 / 2 ,
σ a = 8.6 D 2 τ γ - 1 Z ( R - 0.99 ) 1 / 2

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