Abstract

Strong infrared optical signals at the wavelengths 0.991 and 1.149 μm were produced as a result of phase-matched four-photon mixing when Nd:YAG laser light was coupled into a <4-m-long piece of single-mode glass fiber. Stimulated gain was observed, and laser action was obtained with the fiber in an external cavity.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. H. Stolen, in S. E. Miller, A. G. Chynoweth, eds., Optical Fiber Telecommunications (Academic, New York, 1974), Chap. 5 and references therein.
  2. R. H. Stolen, Fiber Integ. Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Chinlon Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Stolen, Chinlon Lin, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Kobayashi, S. Shibata, T. Izawa, in Digest of the 1977 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), p. 309.
  10. V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).
  12. K. Suzuki, K. Noguchi, N. Uesugi, Opt. Lett. 11, 656 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

1986

1985

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980

R. H. Stolen, Fiber Integ. Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).

1978

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, Chinlon Lin, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Azema, A.

A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Botineau, J.

A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).

Chamorovski, Yu. K.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Davydov, B. L.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Geils, R. H.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gires, F.

A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).

Gomes, A. S. L.

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryants, V. V.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, G. A.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, T.

S. Kobayashi, S. Shibata, T. Izawa, in Digest of the 1977 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), p. 309.

Jain, R. K.

R. H. Stolen, Chinlon Lin, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi, S. Shibata, T. Izawa, in Digest of the 1977 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), p. 309.

Lin, Chinlon

Chinlon Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, Chinlon Lin, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, J. C.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Mosby, W. J.

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, K.

Österberg, U.

U. Österberg, W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Saissy, A.

A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).

Shibata, S.

S. Kobayashi, S. Shibata, T. Izawa, in Digest of the 1977 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), p. 309.

Sibbett, W.

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, V. I.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, Fiber Integ. Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, Chinlon Lin, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, in S. E. Miller, A. G. Chynoweth, eds., Optical Fiber Telecommunications (Academic, New York, 1974), Chap. 5 and references therein.

Stoltz, B.

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

Uesugi, N.

Zhabotinski, M. E.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Zolin, V. F.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. H. Stolen, Chinlon Lin, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 340 (1977).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Galeener, J. C. Mikkelsen, R. H. Geils, W. J. Mosby, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 34 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Integ. Opt.

R. H. Stolen, Fiber Integ. Opt. 3, 21 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

Chinlon Lin, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-4, 1103 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

R. H. Stolen, J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1062 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (Paris)

A. Saissy, A. Azema, J. Botineau, F. Gires, J. Phys. (Paris) 40, L-23 (1979).

Opt. Commun.

W. Margulis, U. Österberg, B. Stoltz, A. S. L. Gomes, W. Sibbett, Opt. Commun. 54, 171 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

V. V. Grigoryants, B. L. Davydov, M. E. Zhabotinski, V. F. Zolin, G. A. Ivanov, V. I. Smirnov, Yu. K. Chamorovski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 351 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. H. Stolen, in S. E. Miller, A. G. Chynoweth, eds., Optical Fiber Telecommunications (Academic, New York, 1974), Chap. 5 and references therein.

S. Kobayashi, S. Shibata, T. Izawa, in Digest of the 1977 International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1977), p. 309.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

IR spectra for (A, B) 20-m-long and (C–H) 3.5-m-long fibers. The transmitted peaks powers (at the peak of the train) were A, 3.3; B, 3.3; C, 9.5; D, 7.6; E, 5.4; F, 4.2; G, 2.3; and H, 1.6 kW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscilloscope traces of signals at 1.149, 1.064, and 0.991 μm for relatively low power pumping.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Coherence-length dependence on fiber core radius and Δn.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Dependence of 1.149-μm signal on the pump power with the fiber in a single-pass configuration and in an external cavity. (b) Power output as a function of four-photon fiber laser cavity length.

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