Abstract

We have observed a new mechanism for photon-gated spectral hole burning, donor-acceptor electron transfer, in a material composed of a zinc-tetrabenzoporphyrin derivative (donor) with chloroform acceptors in poly(methyl methacrylate) thin films. Gated holes form when we simultaneously excite the donor 0-0 singlet absorption (630 nm) and the donor triplet–triplet absorption (350–550 nm), with the largest gating enhancement (>30) occurring for gating light near 480 nm. The gating action spectrum and the photoproduct spectrum confirm that the mechanism is electron transfer from an excited triplet of the porphyrin donor to the chloroform acceptor. This result opens up a new class of materials for photon gating that should be of interest for frequency-domain optical storage applications as well as high-resolution spectroscopy of electron transfer processes in solids.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Winnacker, R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 10, 350 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. Patent No. 4,101,976 (July18, 1978).
  4. G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 298, 107 (1981).
  5. W. E. Moerner, J. Molec. Elec. 1, 55 (1985).
  6. W. E. Moerner, M. D. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 915 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Lenth, W. E. Moerner, Opt. Commun. 58, 249 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. Macfarlane, J. C. Vial, Phys. Rev. B 34, 1 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. O. N. Korotaev, E. I. Donskoi, V. I. Glyadkovskii, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 59, 492 (1985).
  11. One-color hole-burning via DA-ET was observed previously: see V. G. Maslov, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 51, 1009 (1981), and references therein.
  12. T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.
  13. A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. T. Gradyushko, M. P. Tsvirko, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 31, 291 (1971).
  15. W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. P. Tsvirko, V. V. Sapunov, K. N. Solovev, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 34, 1094 (1973).
  17. L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).
  18. R. F. Khairutdinov, E. K. Brickenshtein, L. N. Strekova, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim 7, 1504 (1982).
  19. Z. Gasyna, W. R. Browett, M. J. Stillman, Inorg. Chim. Acta 92, 37 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. C. Goedheer, Photochem. Photobiol. 6, 521 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

1986 (3)

W. Lenth, W. E. Moerner, Opt. Commun. 58, 249 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, J. C. Vial, Phys. Rev. B 34, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (6)

O. N. Korotaev, E. I. Donskoi, V. I. Glyadkovskii, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 59, 492 (1985).

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, J. Molec. Elec. 1, 55 (1985).

A. Winnacker, R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 10, 350 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. Moerner, M. D. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 915 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (2)

Z. Gasyna, W. R. Browett, M. J. Stillman, Inorg. Chim. Acta 92, 37 (1984).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. F. Khairutdinov, E. K. Brickenshtein, L. N. Strekova, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim 7, 1504 (1982).

1981 (3)

G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 298, 107 (1981).

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

One-color hole-burning via DA-ET was observed previously: see V. G. Maslov, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 51, 1009 (1981), and references therein.

1973 (1)

M. P. Tsvirko, V. V. Sapunov, K. N. Solovev, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 34, 1094 (1973).

1971 (1)

A. T. Gradyushko, M. P. Tsvirko, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 31, 291 (1971).

1970 (1)

A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1967 (1)

J. C. Goedheer, Photochem. Photobiol. 6, 521 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Asanov, A. N.

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

Bjorklund, G. C.

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 298, 107 (1981).

Bräuchle, C.

T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

Brickenshtein, E. K.

R. F. Khairutdinov, E. K. Brickenshtein, L. N. Strekova, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim 7, 1504 (1982).

Brickenstein, E. K.

E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Brikenshtein, E. Kh.

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

Brinza, D.

M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Browett, W. R.

Z. Gasyna, W. R. Browett, M. J. Stillman, Inorg. Chim. Acta 92, 37 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Carter, T. P.

T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

Castro, G.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. Patent No. 4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Coulter, D. R.

M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Donskoi, E. I.

O. N. Korotaev, E. I. Donskoi, V. I. Glyadkovskii, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 59, 492 (1985).

Gasyna, Z.

Z. Gasyna, W. R. Browett, M. J. Stillman, Inorg. Chim. Acta 92, 37 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gehrtz, M.

H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Glyadkovskii, V. I.

O. N. Korotaev, E. I. Donskoi, V. I. Glyadkovskii, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 59, 492 (1985).

Goedheer, J. C.

J. C. Goedheer, Photochem. Photobiol. 6, 521 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Gradyushko, A. T.

A. T. Gradyushko, M. P. Tsvirko, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 31, 291 (1971).

A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haarer, D.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. Patent No. 4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Iannone, M.

M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, G. K.

E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kaipa, P.

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Khairutdinov, R. F.

E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Khairutdinov, E. K. Brickenshtein, L. N. Strekova, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim 7, 1504 (1982).

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

Korotaev, O. N.

O. N. Korotaev, E. I. Donskoi, V. I. Glyadkovskii, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 59, 492 (1985).

Kozhushner, M. A.

E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. W. H.

H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lee, V. Y.

T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

Lenth, W.

W. Lenth, W. E. Moerner, Opt. Commun. 58, 249 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 298, 107 (1981).

Levenson, M. D.

Lüty, F.

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, J. C. Vial, Phys. Rev. B 34, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Winnacker, R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Lett. 10, 350 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. Patent No. 4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Manavi, M.

T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

Marinero, E. E.

H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Maslov, V. G.

One-color hole-burning via DA-ET was observed previously: see V. G. Maslov, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 51, 1009 (1981), and references therein.

Moerner, W. E.

W. Lenth, W. E. Moerner, Opt. Commun. 58, 249 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, J. Molec. Elec. 1, 55 (1985).

H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. E. Moerner, M. D. Levenson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 915 (1985).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

Ortiz, C.

G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 298, 107 (1981).

Sadovskii, N. A.

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

Sapunov, V. V.

M. P. Tsvirko, V. V. Sapunov, K. N. Solovev, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 34, 1094 (1973).

Schellenberg, F. M.

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Scott, G. W.

M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sevchenko, A. N.

A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelby, R. M.

Solovev, K. N.

M. P. Tsvirko, V. V. Sapunov, K. N. Solovev, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 34, 1094 (1973).

Solovyov, K. N.

A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stillman, M. J.

Z. Gasyna, W. R. Browett, M. J. Stillman, Inorg. Chim. Acta 92, 37 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Strekova, L. N.

R. F. Khairutdinov, E. K. Brickenshtein, L. N. Strekova, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim 7, 1504 (1982).

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

Trommsdorff, H. P.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. Patent No. 4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

Tsvirko, M. P.

M. P. Tsvirko, V. V. Sapunov, K. N. Solovev, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 34, 1094 (1973).

A. T. Gradyushko, M. P. Tsvirko, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 31, 291 (1971).

A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vial, J. C.

R. M. Macfarlane, J. C. Vial, Phys. Rev. B 34, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Winnacker, A.

Chem. Phys. (1)

E. K. Brickenstein, G. K. Ivanov, M. A. Kozhushner, R. F. Khairutdinov, Chem. Phys. 91, 133 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. W. H. Lee, M. Gehrtz, E. E. Marinero, W. E. Moerner, Chem. Phys. Lett. 118, 611 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chim. Acta (1)

Z. Gasyna, W. R. Browett, M. J. Stillman, Inorg. Chim. Acta 92, 37 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. (1)

L. N. Strekova, E. Kh. Brikenshtein, A. N. Asanov, N. A. Sadovskii, R. F. Khairutdinov, Izv. Acad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim. 6, 1227 (1981).

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim (1)

R. F. Khairutdinov, E. K. Brickenshtein, L. N. Strekova, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim 7, 1504 (1982).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Iannone, G. W. Scott, D. Brinza, D. R. Coulter, J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4863 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Molec. Elec. (1)

W. E. Moerner, J. Molec. Elec. 1, 55 (1985).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Lenth, W. E. Moerner, Opt. Commun. 58, 249 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) (4)

A. T. Gradyushko, M. P. Tsvirko, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 31, 291 (1971).

O. N. Korotaev, E. I. Donskoi, V. I. Glyadkovskii, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 59, 492 (1985).

One-color hole-burning via DA-ET was observed previously: see V. G. Maslov, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 51, 1009 (1981), and references therein.

M. P. Tsvirko, V. V. Sapunov, K. N. Solovev, Opt. Spektrosk. (USSR) 34, 1094 (1973).

Photochem. Photobiol. (2)

A. T. Gradyushko, A. N. Sevchenko, K. N. Solovyov, M. P. Tsvirko, Photochem. Photobiol. 11, 387 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Goedheer, Photochem. Photobiol. 6, 521 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

W. E. Moerner, F. M. Schellenberg, G. C. Bjorklund, P. Kaipa, F. Lüty, Phys. Rev. B 32, 1270 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, J. C. Vial, Phys. Rev. B 34, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 298, 107 (1981).

Other (2)

T. P. Carter, C. Bräuchle, V. Y. Lee, M. Manavi, W. E. Moerner, “Mechanism of photon-gated persistent spectral hole-burning in metal-tetrabenzoporphyrin/halomethane systems: donor-acceptor electron transfer,” submitted to J. Phys. Chem.

G. Castro, D. Haarer, R. M. Macfarlane, H. P. Trommsdorff, “Frequency selective optical data storage system,” U.S. Patent No. 4,101,976 (July18, 1978).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Level diagram for photon-gated PHB through DA-ET. The structure of the donor chromophore TZT is shown in the inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Example of photon-gated PHB for the TZT/PMMA/CHCl3 material, (a) Attempt to burn a one-color hole with a 6-sec burn time at λ1 = 630.173 nm. (b) One-color hole produced after a 300-sec burn time at λ1 = 630.724 nm. (c) Photon-gated two-color hole produced after 6-sec irradiation at λ1 = 630.764 nm and λ2 = 488 nm. The scale is appropriate for trace (c), and traces (a) and (b) have been offset vertically for clarity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Action spectrum of photon gating for λ2 (open circles). The solid line represents the T–T absorption from Ref. 16. The CHC13 concentration was lower than in Fig. 2.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R Cl + e R ˙ + Cl .
TZT λ 1 , λ 2 TZT + + e ,
CHCl 3 + e C ˙ HCl 2 + Cl .

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